See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事):  +  – comparing two 干 side by side, even.

Note that in some early forms of , the unrelated (two hands) is drawn as 幵.

Han characterEdit

(radical 51 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一十一十 (MJMJ), four-corner 10440, composition干)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 340, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9169
  • Dae Jaweon: page 649, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 408, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5E75

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ken/ /kien/ /ken/ /ken/ /kɛn/ /kien/ /kɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiān ‹ ken › /*[k]ˤe[r]/ even, level (Shuōwén)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6161 2 /*kŋeːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. even, level
  2. to raise in both hands

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

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