KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆮᄒᆞ다 (Yale: kothota), from root ᄀᆞᆮ— (kot-, to be like) + ᄒᆞ— (ho-, to do) (Modern 하— (ha-)) + —다 (-da). Compare Japanese 如し (gotoshi, like; as if).

1447, 용비어천가 제6장
西水ㅅ ᄀᆞᅀᅵ 져재 ᄀᆞᆮᄒᆞ니
西水s kozi cyecay kothoni

Also attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᇀ다 (Yale: koth.ta).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠t̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gatda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gatda
McCune–Reischauer?katta
Yale Romanization?kathta

AdjectiveEdit

같다 (gatda) (infinitive 같아, sequential 같으니)

  1. (to be) the same
    같은 되풀이하다
    gateun mar-eul doepurihada
    to say the same thing over and over
    (file)
    어머니같다
    neoui eomeoni-wa gatda
    the same as your mother
    (file)
  2. (to be) like or similar (often used with (wa)/ (gwa))
  3. (to) look like; (to) resemble
    In this sense, it often follows (geot), forming a verbal construction meaning "I feel like..."; see ᆯ 것 같다
    이 식물은 민들레 같다
    i singmureun mindeulle gatda
    This plant looks like a dandelion
    같다.
    Bi-ga ol geot gatda.
    It looks like it will rain.
    (file)

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit