Korean edit

Etymology edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆮ〮ᄒᆞ다〮 (Yale: kóthòtá), from root ᄀᆞᆮ〮— (kót-, to be like) + ᄒᆞ— (hò-, to do) (Modern 하— (ha-)) + —다 (-da). Compare Japanese 如し (gotoshi, like; as if).

1447, 용비어천가 제6장
西水ㅅ ᄀᆞ〯ᅀᅵ〮 져재〮 ᄀᆞᆮ〮ᄒᆞ니〮
西水s kǒzí cyècáy kóthòní

Also attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᇀ〮다〮 (Yale: kóth.tá).

Cognate with Jeju ᄀᆞᇀ다 (gawtda).

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠t̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Revised Romanization?gatda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gatda
Yale Romanization?kathta

Adjective edit

같다 (gatda) (infinitive 같아, sequential 같으니)

  1. (to be) the same
    같은 되풀이하다
    gateun mar-eul doepurihada
    to say the same thing over and over
    어머니 같다
    neo-ui eomeoni-wa gatda
    the same as your mother
  2. (to be) like or similar (often used with (wa)/ (gwa))
    1. (used in the determinative form 같은 (gateun)) (to be) like; such as (indicates belonging to a similar group)
      비빔밥이나 떡볶이 같은 음식 제일 좋아하셔.Bibimbab-ina tteokbokki gateun eumsig-eul jeil joahasyeo.They like foods like bibimbap or tteokbokki the most.
  3. (to) look like; (to) resemble
    식물 민들레 같다
    i singmur-eun mindeulle gatda
    This plant looks like a dandelion
    1. (used in the construction 을 것 같다 (-eul geot gatda)) to be something that one can guess, predict
      bi-ga ol geot gatda.
      It looks like it will rain.

Conjugation edit

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit