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First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆮᄒᆞ다 (Yale: kothota), from root ᄀᆞᆮ— (kot-, to be like) + ᄒᆞ— (ho-, to do) (Modern 하— (ha-)) + (da). Compare Japanese 如し (gotoshi, like; as if).

1447, 용비어천가 제6장
西水ㅅ ᄀᆞᅀᅵ 져재 ᄀᆞᆮᄒᆞ니

Also attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᇀ다 (Yale: koth.ta).


  • (file)
  • IPA(key)[ka̠t̚t͈a̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? gatda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gatda
McCune–Reischauer? katta
Yale Romanization? kathqta


같다 (gatda) (infinitive 같아, sequential 같으니)

  1. (to be) the same
    같은 말을 되풀이하다
    gateun mareul doepurihada
    to say the same thing over and over
    너의 어머니와 같다
    neoui eomeoniwa gatda
    the same as your mother
  2. (to be) like or similar (often used with (wa)/ (gwa))
  3. (to be) probably so; (to be) apparently so
    In this sense, it often follows (geot) and is often translated as "it looks like".
    비가 올 것 같다.
    Biga ol geot gatda.
    It looks like it will rain.
    공항까지 지하철을 타면 될 것 같은데 혹시 지하철이 어디 있는지 아세요?
    Gonghangkkaji jihacheoreul tamyeon doel geot gateunde hoksi jihacheori eodi inneunji aseyo?
    I think I can take the subway to the airport. Do you know where the subway is?




다르다 (dareuda)

Derived termsEdit