From Middle English gessen, probably of Scandinavian origin, from Old Danish getse, gitse, getsa (“to guess”), from Old Norse *getsa, *gitsa, from Proto-Germanic *gitisōną (“to guess”), from Proto-Germanic *getaną (“to get”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰed- (“to take, seize”). Cognate with Danish gisse (“to guess”), Norwegian gissa, gjette (“to guess”), Swedish gissa (“to guess”), Saterland Frisian gisje (“to guess”), Dutch gissen (“to guess”), Low German gissen (“to guess”). Related also to Icelandic giska ("to guess"; from Proto-Germanic *gitiskōną). Compare also Russian гада́ть (gadátʹ, “to conjecture, guess, divine”), Albanian gjëzë (“riddle”) from gjej (“find, recover, obtain”). More at get.
guess (third-person singular simple present guesses, present participle guessing, simple past and past participle guessed)
- To reach a partly (or totally) unqualified conclusion.
- To solve by a correct conjecture; to conjecture rightly.
He who guesses the riddle shall have the ring.
- (chiefly US) to suppose (introducing a proposition of uncertain plausibility).
That album is quite hard to find, but I guess you could try ordering it online.
- Not all together; better far, I guess, / That we do make our entrance several ways.
- Alexander Pope
- But in known images of life I guess / The labour greater.
1914–1915, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Valley of Fear:
- "Are you a member of the union?"
"Then you'll get your job, I guess. Have you any friends?"
- (colloquial) To think, conclude, or decide (without a connotation of uncertainty). Usually in first person: "I guess".
"I guess you were right." "What did he say?" "He guesses you were right."
"I guess I'll go to bed."
- (obsolete) To hit upon or reproduce by memory.
- Tell me their words, as near as thou canst guess them.
to reach an unqualified conclusion
- Arabic: خَمَّنَ (ḵammana)
- Belarusian: адга́дваць impf (adhádvacʹ), адгада́ць pf (adhadácʹ)
- Bulgarian: гадая (bg) (gadaja), отгатвам (bg) (otgatvam)
- Catalan: endevinar (ca)
- Mandarin: 猜測 (zh), 猜测 (zh) (cāicè), 猜 (zh) (cāi), 推測 (zh), 推测 (zh) (tuīcè), 猜 (zh) (cāi)
- Czech: hádat
- Dutch: veronderstellen (nl), gissen (nl)
- Esperanto: diveni (eo)
- Finnish: arvata (fi)
- French: deviner (fr)
- Galician: adiviñar (gl)
- German: schätzen (de), raten (de)
- Greek: υποθέτω (el) (ypothéto), εικάζω (el) (eikázo)
- Hungarian: találgat
- Icelandic: geta (is), giska
- Ido: divinar (io)
- Irish: tomhais
- Italian: indovinare (it)
- Japanese: 推測する (ja) (すいそくする, suisoku suru), 察する (さっする, sassuru), 憶測する (ja) (おくそくする, okusoku suru)
- Korean: 추측하다 (chucheukhada)
- Latin: divino
- Mirandese: adebinar
- Neapolitan: addivinà
- Norwegian: gjette, gissa (no)
- Nynorsk: gjete, gjeta, gjetta, gissa
- Polish: zgadywać (pl) impf, zgadnąć (pl) pf
- Portuguese: adivinhar (pt)
- Romanian: bănui (ro)
- Russian: уга́дывать (ru) impf (ugádyvatʹ), угада́ть (ru) pf (ugadátʹ), отга́дывать (ru) impf (otgádyvatʹ), отгада́ть (ru) pf (otgadátʹ), дога́дываться (ru) impf (dogádyvatʹsja), догада́ться (ru) pf (dogadátʹsja)
- Scottish Gaelic: tomhais
- Serbo-Croatian: nagađati (sh) impf, nagoditi (sh) pf
- Slovene: uganiti
- Spanish: adivinar (es), conjeturar (es)
- Swedish: gissa (sv)
- Thai: เดา (th) (dao)
- Ukrainian: вга́дувати impf (vháduvaty), вгада́ти pf (vhadáty)
- Vietnamese: đoán (vi), phỏng đoán (vi)
- West Frisian: ergje
- Yiddish: טרעפֿן (trefn)
to solve by a correct conjecture
- Italian: azzeccare (it)
- Japanese: 当てる (ja) (あてる, ateru), 言い当てる (いいあてる, iiateru)
- Malay: agak (ms), anggar
- Polish: odgadywać impf, odgadnąć (pl) pf
- Portuguese: adivinhar (pt), deduzir (pt)
- Russian: уга́дывать (ru) impf (ugádyvatʹ), угада́ть (ru) pf (ugadátʹ), отга́дывать (ru) impf (otgádyvatʹ), отгада́ть (ru) pf (otgadátʹ)
- Scottish Gaelic: tomhais
- Spanish: deducir (es), adivinar (es)
- Vietnamese: đoán ra, nghĩ ra
From Middle English gesse. Cognate with Dutch gis (“a guess”).
guess (plural guesses)
- A prediction about the outcome of something, typically made without factual evidence or support.
If you don't know the answer, take a guess.
1907, L. Frank Baum, Ozma of Oz:
- "But I shall have eleven guesses," answered Ozma. "Surely I ought to guess one object in eleven correctly; and, if I do, I shall rescue one of the royal family and be safe myself. Then the rest of you may attempt it, and soon we shall free all those who are enslaved."
- Synonyms: estimate, hypothesis, prediction
prediction about the outcome of something