KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jida
McCune–Reischauer?chida
Yale Romanization?cita

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 지다 (Yale: cita).

VerbEdit

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. to carry on one's back; to bear
    등에 짐을 지다.
    Deung'e jimeul jida.
    to carry a load on one's back
  2. (figuratively) to undertake; to be charged with (the duty of); to assume (the responsibility of)
  3. (figuratively) to fall into (debt); to incur (a debt)
    10억원의 빚을 지다.
    10eogwonui bijeul jida.
    to owe 1 billion won.
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • Causative: 지우다 (jiuda, “to be burdened with (loads, debt, liability, etc)”)
  • Substantive: (jim)
  • 짊다 (jimda)

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 디다 (Yale: tita).

1481, 분류두공부시언해 5:33~34
(漢虜互勝, 封疆不常全) 中原과 되왜 서르 이긔락 락 ᄒᆞ니 封疆이 샹녜 오래디 몯ᄒᆞ놋다

Also attested in the Beonyeok baktongsa (飜譯朴通事 / 번역박통사), before 1517, as Middle Korean 지다 (Yale: cita).

VerbEdit

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. to be defeated; to lose; to be beaten
    게임에서 지다.
    Geimeseo jida.
    to lose a game
    경기에서 지다.
    Gyeonggieseo jida.
    to lose a match
    싸움에서 지다.
    Ssaumeseo jida.
    to lose a battle
  2. to surrender (to); to bow (to)
  3. to be inferior (to); to be second (to)
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 디다 (Yale: tita).

VerbEdit

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. (obsolete) to fall; to drop
  2. (auxiliary) to become; to get; forms intransitive or passive constructions
    새롭다 (saeropda, to be new) + ‎지다 (jida) → ‎새로워지다 (saerowojida, to be made new)
  3. (of the sun) to sink; to set; to go down
  4. (of flower) to wither and fall; to scatter; to be scattered
    • 2003, “하망연”, in 대장금 OST:
      바람지는 아련한 사랑.
      Baram-e jineun aryeonhan sarang.
      A vague love which disappears with the wind.
  5. to come out (with a wash); to be removed; to be washed off
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

—지다 (-jida)

  1. Attached to nominal or verbal roots to form adjectives carrying the meaning of “with the characteristics of...”.

ConjugationEdit


Middle KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /tsita/

VerbEdit

지다 (cita)

  1. (auxiliary) to want, to desire
    • 14th century?, “鄭石歌 (Jeongseok-ga)”, in 樂章歌詞 (Akjang Gasa):
      그쇠텰초를머거아유덕ᄒᆞ신님여ᄒᆡᄋᆞ와지이다
      ku soy tyelcwo-lul mekeya yutek-hosin nim yehoyowa cingita
      Only if that cow eats iron grass shall I desire to depart from my virtuous lover