KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key)[t͡ɕida̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? jida
Revised Romanization (translit.)? jida
McCune–Reischauer? chida
Yale Romanization? cita

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 지다 (Yale: cita).

VerbEdit

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. to carry on one's back; to bear
    등에 짐을 지다. 
    Deung-e jimeul jida.
    to carry a load on one's back
  2. (figuratively) to undertake; to be charged with (the duty of); to assume (the responsibility of)
  3. (figuratively) to fall into (debt); to incur (a debt)
    10억원의 을 지다. 
    10eogwonui bijeul jida.
    to owe 1 billion won.
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • Causative: 지우다 (jiuda, “to be burdened with (loads, debt, liability, etc)”)
  • Substantive: (jim)
  • 짊다 (jimda)

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 디다 (Yale: tita).

1481, 분류두공부시언해 5:33~34
(漢虜互勝, 封疆不常全) 中原과 되왜 서르 이긔락 락 ᄒᆞ니 封疆이 샹녜 오래디 몯ᄒᆞ놋다


Also attested in the Beonyeok baktongsa (飜譯朴通事 / 번역박통사), before 1517, as Middle Korean 지다 (Yale: cita).

VerbEdit

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. to be defeated; to lose; to be beaten
    게임에서 지다. 
    Geimeseo jida.
    to lose a game
    경기에서 지다. 
    Gyeonggieseo jida.
    to lose a match
    싸움에서 지다. 
    Ssaumeseo jida.
    to lose a battle
  2. to surrender (to); to bow (to)
  3. to be inferior (to); to be second (to)
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 디다 (Yale: tita).

VerbEdit

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. (of the sun) to sink; to set; to go down
  2. (of flower) to wither and fall; to scatter; to be scattered
    바람지는 아련한 사랑. (from the lyrics of 하망연)
    Barame jineun aryeonhan sarang.
    A vague love which disappears with the wind.
  3. to come out (with a wash); to be removed; to be washed off
ConjugationEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • Causative: 지우다 (jiuda, “to wipe away; to rub out”)

Etymology 4Edit

Compare 짓— (jit-).

VerbEdit

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. to become; to get
  2. (in the form of —아/어지다) to become; to get
  3. (in the form of —아/어지다) Forms the passive.
ConjugationEdit

SuffixEdit

—지다 (-jida)

  1. Attached to nominal or verbal roots to form adjectives carrying the meaning of “with the characteristics of...”.

Derived termsEdit