KoreanEdit

 
한글 (Hangeul)

EtymologyEdit

From (, han, “Korea”) / (han, “big, great”) + (geul, “writing”). Coined in 1910 by Choe Nam-seon and Ju Si-gyeong.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈha̠(ː)nɡɯɭ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?han'geul
Revised Romanization (translit.)?hangeul
McCune–Reischauer?han'gŭl
Yale Romanization?hānkul

NounEdit

한글 (han'geul)

  1. (chiefly South Korea) Hangul, the Korean alphabet
    한글 15세기 창제된 문자이다.
    Han'geureun sibosegie changjedoen munjaida.
    Hangul is a script created in the fifteenth century.
    Synonym: See Thesaurus:한글
  2. (proscribed) the Korean language
    • 2020, “'한글이 영어보다 위대한 이유' 꾸준글 사실일까?”, in SBS TV[1]:
      한글 영어보다 어순 배치 자유로운 강점 있다는 내용인데요.
      I geureun han'geuri yeong'eoboda eosun baechiga jayuroun gangjeomi itdaneun naeyong'indeyo.
      this piece of writing is about how the flexibility of Korean word order compared to English is a point in its favor
    • 2021, “KBS 다큐온, BTS 한글 댓글 한류 '한국어 하세요?' 외국어로서의 한국어 매력 분석”, in Korea Lecturer News[2]:
      BTS 노래 한글 따라 부르고 싶고 []
      bitiesseuui noraereul han'geullo ttara bureugo sipgo []
      they want to sing along to BTS's songs in Korean []
    한글 바르게 사용합시다.
    Han'geureul bareuge sayonghapsida.
    Let us use proper Korean.
    Synonym: See Thesaurus:한국어
  3. (colloquial, proscribed) a non-borrowed Korean word
    이름 한글 이름으로 지을 거라고 했다.
    Ae ireumeul han'geul ireumeuro jieul georago haetda.
    He said he would give his child a native Korean name (i.e. not a Sino-Korean one).
    Synonyms: (formal) 고유어(固有語) (goyueo), (colloquial) 순우리말 (sunurimal)

Derived termsEdit

  • 한글날 (han'geullal, “the Hangul Day”)
  • 한글화 (han'geulhwa, “Korean localization”)