See also:

HindiEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

All forms are ultimately from Sanskrit -इक (-ika):

See -इयों (-iyõ) and -इयो (-iyo) for the etymologies of those endings specifically. [1]

SuffixEdit

-ई (m

  1. suffix for some masculine nouns
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

All forms are ultimately from Sanskrit -इका (-ikā). Specifically,

See -इयाँ (-iyā̃), -इयों (-iyõ), and -इयो (-iyo) for the etymologies of those endings specifically. [2]

SuffixEdit

-ई (f

  1. suffix for many feminine nouns
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit -𑀇𑀅 (-ia), from Sanskrit -इक (-ika, diminutive suffix) or Sanskrit -ईय (-īya, adjectival suffix).

SuffixEdit

-ई () (Urdu spelling ـی‎)

  1. relating to, forms adjectives from nouns
    पहाड़ (pahāṛ, mountain) + ‎-ई () → ‎पहाड़ी (pahāṛī, mountainous).

Etymology 4Edit

Borrowed from the nominative singular form of Sanskrit -इन् (-in, doer, possessor).

SuffixEdit

-ई (m (Urdu spelling ـی‎)

  1. doer, possessor
    सुख (sukh, happiness) + ‎-ई () → ‎सुखी (sukhī, happy, possessing happiness)
    यात्रा (yātrā, travel) + ‎-ई () → ‎यात्री (yātrī, traveller)

Etymology 5Edit

Borrowed from Persian ـی(-i), from Middle Persian -yk' / 𐭩𐭪𐭩(yky /-īg/) or Arabic ـِيّ(-iyy) or directly from Arabic ـِيّ(-iyy, nisba suffix).

SuffixEdit

-ई (f (Urdu spelling ـی‎)

  1. forms abstract nouns from adjectives or common nouns
    दोस्त (dost, friend) + ‎-ई () → ‎दोस्ती (dostī, friendship)
    बेवक़ूफ़ (bevqūf, foolish) + ‎-ई () → ‎बेवक़ूफ़ी (bevqūfī, foolishness)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oberlies, Thomas (2005) A Historical Grammar of Hindi, Grazer Vergleichende Arbeiten, →ISBN, page 7
  2. ^ Oberlies, Thomas (2005) A Historical Grammar of Hindi, Grazer Vergleichende Arbeiten, →ISBN, page 9