From Middle English -ablete, -iblete, -abilite, -ibilite, from Middle French -ableté, -ibleté, -abilité, -ibilité, from Latin -abilitas, -ibilitas, from -abilis (“able”) or -ibilis (“able”) + -tas or -ty
- Forms a noun from a verb; ability, inclination or suitability for a specified function or condition.
- Most words ending in "ability" formed in English are first attested after corresponding words ending in -able.
- Note that this is not simply -able + -ity: in English it is a parallel formation, not a compound suffix: there is a sound and spelling change. Compare -ably (compound suffix) and -ification (parallel suffix).
- Some words ending in "ability" are alterations of words of French origin ending in "abilité" or, possibly, Latin words ending in "abilitas".
terms derived using -ability
other terms ending in "ability"