English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Alternate pronunciation of -ing with /n/ instead of /ŋ/. It is derived from two sources:

The two Old English suffixes became confused in Modern English, due at least partly to the practice of spelling them both as -ing.

Suffix edit


  1. (Mid-Ulster, colloquial, pronunciation spelling) Alternative form of -ing

Usage notes edit

  • In speech, the difference between the pronunciations /ɪŋ/ and /ɪn/ is usually one of formality. Most speakers tend to use /ɪŋ/ in more formal situations and /ɪn/ in less formal situations. However, some speakers can either use mainly /ɪŋ/ or mainly /ɪn/ regardless of the situation.
  • In writing, both the /ɪŋ/ and the /ɪn/ pronunciations are usually spelled -ing. When writers use -in', as in makin', they are emphasizing the informality of the situation (or attempting, however accurately, to show the social status of the speaker).
  • The [ɪn] pronunciation is more common for present participles and less common for verbal nouns.

Translations edit

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit


  1. (poetic) Nonstandard form of -inho.

Related terms edit

Scots edit

Suffix edit


  1. Alternative form of -in (ing)