Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/-ilaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Formally appears to be a thematicized variant of Proto-Indo-European *-lós.

Kroonen (2017) instead derives this from the Proto-Indo-European *-trom family of instrumental nominal suffixes, specifically the lambdacized variants Proto-Indo-European *-dʰlom and Proto-Indo-European *-tlom. The former suffix and the voiced Verner's alternant of the latter would undergo an assimilation to *-lla-. The geminate consonant would have later shortened to make *-la- which was suffixed onto stems with *-yeti, forming the Germanic agent suffix. [1]

SuffixEdit

*-ilaz

  1. agent suffix
Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit
  • Old English: -el, -ol, -ul
  • Old Frisian:
    • West Frisian: -el
  • Old Saxon: -al, -il
    • Middle Low German: -el
      • Low German: -el
  • Old Dutch:
  • Old High German:
  • Old Norse: -ill m, -la f
    • Faroese: -il m

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-elo-, thematized from Proto-Indo-European *-lós.

SuffixEdit

*-ilaz

  1. diminutive suffix
Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2017) , “The development of the Proto-Indo-European instrumental suffix in Germanic”, in Indogermanische Forschungen[1], volume 122, issue 1, DOI:10.1515/if-2017-0005, ISSN 0019-7262, pages 105-110