Translingual edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -ula. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *-ilaz, whence no longer productive English -le (as in dimple and nozzle), Dutch -el, German -el.

Suffix edit

-ula

  1. Used to form taxonomic names, usually of genera; small-.

Derived terms edit

  • See -ula at Wikispecies.

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

-u +‎ -la

Suffix edit

-ula (front vowel harmony variant -ylä, linguistic notation -UlA)

  1. Forms diminutive nouns.

Usage notes edit

  • The suffix is productive. See, for instance, vempula.

Derived terms edit

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *-tlom, *-dʰlom, suffix forming instrumental nouns, with simplification of the suffix-initial stop when it came after another stop. However, the details of the development are debated.

Alternatively, related to the suffix -ulus used to form some deverbal agent nouns such as gerulus, gerula.

Compare instrument nouns in -ulum.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ula f (genitive -ulae); first declension

  1. Noun suffix denoting instrument.
    regō + ‎-ula → ‎rēgula
    tegō + ‎-ula → ‎tēgula
Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -ula -ulae
Genitive -ulae -ulārum
Dative -ulae -ulīs
Accusative -ulam -ulās
Ablative -ulā -ulīs
Vocative -ula -ulae
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ula

  1. inflection of -ulus:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Suffix edit

-ulā

  1. ablative feminine singular of -ulus

References edit

  1. ^ Nielsen, Benedicte (2004) “On Latin instrument-nouns in */-lo-/”, in James Clackson and Birgit Anette Olsen, editors, Indo-European Word Formation (Copenhagen Studies in Indo-European; 2), Museum Tusculanum Press, pages 189-213

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Compare Russian -у́ля (-úlja).

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈu.la/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ula
  • Syllabification: u‧la

Suffix edit

-ula f

  1. forms feminine nouns, usually endearing
    baba + ‎-ula → ‎babula

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • -ula in Polish dictionaries at PWN