AzerbaijaniEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

preceding vowel
A / I E / Ə / İ O / U Ö / Ü
postconsonantal
except after L
-ıl -il -ul -ül
after L -ın -in -un -ün
postvocalic -n

-il

  1. Passive suffix.[1]
    kəsmək (to cut) + ‎-il → ‎kəsilmək (to get cut, to flunk)
    almaq (to buy) + ‎-ın → ‎alınmaq (to be bought)
    eşitmək (to hear) + ‎-il → ‎eşidilmək (to be heard)

Suffixation notesEdit

A notable irregularity is görmək, which takes -ün (instead of expected -ül):

görmək (to see) + ‎-ün → ‎görünmək (to be seen)

Verbs with monosyllabic vowel-ending stems generally take a y before the suffixes -il, -in, or -iş:

demək (to say) + ‎-il → ‎deyilmək (to be said)

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Širalijev, Mamedaga; Sevortjan, Ervand (1971), “-il”, in Grammatika azerbajdžanskovo jazyka. Fonetika, morfologija i sintaksis. [Grammar of Azerbaijani language. Phonetics, morphology, syntax.], Baku: Elm, pages 106-108

MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the syllable -ar in Arabic عَشَر(ʿašar, ten). The same alternation between absolute and attributive form is found in most modern dialects of Arabic, though generally with the original consonant r preserved. Compare North Levantine Arabic تنعش(tnaʿš, twelve), attributively تنعشر(tnaʿšar).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-il

  1. Used to form the attributive form of cardinal numbers 11 to 19.
    erbatax (fourteen)erbatax-il jum (fourteen days)

Usage notesEdit

  • The suffix is spelt with a hyphen for phonetic reasons. It is, namely, apart from a few recent borrowings from English the only case where preconsonantal i in a final syllable is short. Thus, /ɛrbaˈtaːʃɪl/ is rendered as erbatax-il rather than *erbataxil, which latter should be pronounced */ɛrbataˈʃiːl/.



Northern SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *-jēlē.

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

SuffixEdit

-il

  1. Forms adjectives from verbs, indicating an inclination or tendency to perform the verb's action.
    sodjat (to bend) + ‎-il → ‎soddjil (tending to bend, flexible)

Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the strongest grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

InflectionEdit

Odd, no gradation
Attributive -ilis
Nominative -il
Genitive -ila
Attributive -ilis
Singular Plural
Nominative -il -ilat
Accusative -ila -iliid
Genitive -ila -iliid
Illative -ilii -iliidda
Locative -ilis -iliin
Comitative -iliin -iliiguin
Essive -ilin

Derived termsEdit



PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -īlis.

SuffixEdit

-il

  1. -ile (tending to or capable of)

Derived termsEdit



SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -īlis.

SuffixEdit

-il m or f

  1. -ile (indicating relation or pertaining to)

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-il

  1. Used to form diminutives

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit