Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Irish and Scottish Gaelic bogach(soft, boggy ground), from Old Irish bog(soft),[1] from Proto-Celtic *buggos(soft, tender) + Old Irish -ach, from Proto-Celtic *-ākos.

The frequent use to form compounds regarding the animals and plants in such areas mimics Irish compositions such as bog-luachair(bulrush, bogrush).[1]

Its use for toilets is now often derived from the resemblance of latrines and outhouse cesspools to bogholes,[2][3] but the noun sense appears to be a clipped form of boghouse(outhouse, privy),[4] which derived (possibly via boggard) from the verb to bog,[5] still used in Australian English.[3] The derivation and its connection to other senses of "bog" remains uncertain, however, owing to an extreme lack of early citations due to its perceived vulgarity.[6][7]

NounEdit

bog ‎(plural bogs)

  1. (Originally Ireland and Scotland) An area of decayed vegetation (particularly sphagnum moss) which forms a wet spongy ground too soft for walking; a marsh or swamp.
  2. (figuratively) Confusion, difficulty, or any other thing or place that impedes progress in the manner of such areas.
    • 1614, John King, Vitis Palatina, p. 30:
      ...quagmires and bogges of Romish superstition...
    • a. 1796, Robert Burns, Poems & Songs, Vol. I:
      Last day my mind was in a bog.
    • 1841, Charles Dickens, Barnaby Rudge, Ch. lxxii, p. 358:
      He wandered out again, in a perfect bog of uncertainty.
  3. (uncountable) The acidic soil of such areas, principally composed of peat; marshland, swampland.
    • a. 1687, William Petty, Political Arithmetick:
      Bog may by draining be made Meadow.
  4. (vulgar Britain, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand slang) A place to defecate: originally specifically a latrine or outhouse but now used for any toilet.
    • 1665, Richard Head & al., The English Rogue Described in the Life of Meriton Latroon, Vol. I:
      Fearing I should catch cold, they out of pity covered me warm in a Bogg-house.
    • a. 1789, in 1789, Verses to John Howard F.R.S. on His State of Prisons and Lazarettos, p. 181:
      ...That no dirt... be thrown out of any window, or down the bogs...
    • 1864, J.C. Hotten, The Slang Dictionary, p. 79:
      Bog, or bog-house, a privy as distinguished from a water-closet.
    • 1959, William Golding, Free Fall, Ch. i, p. 23:
      Our lodger had our upstairs, use of the stove, our tap, and our bog.
  5. (Australia and New Zealand slang) An act or instance of defecation.
  6. (US, dialect) A little elevated spot or clump of earth, roots, and grass, in a marsh or swamp.
Alternative formsEdit
SynonymsEdit
HyponymsEdit
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bog ‎(third-person singular simple present bogs, present participle bogging, simple past and past participle bogged)

  1. (transitive, now often with "down") To sink or submerge someone or something into bogland, especially:
    • 1928, American Dialect Society, American Speech, Vol. IV, p. 132:
      To be 'bogged down' or 'mired down' is to be mired, generally in the 'wet valleys' in the spring.
    1. (figuratively) to prevent or slow someone or something from making progress.
  2. (intransitive, now often with "down") To sink and stick in bogland, especially:
    • a. 1800, The Trials of James, Duncan, and Robert M'Gregor, Three Sons of the Celebrated Rob Roy, p. 120:
      Duncan Graham in Gartmore his horse bogged; that the deponent helped some others to take the horse out of the bogg.
    1. (figuratively) To be prevented or impeded from making progress, to become stuck.
  3. (intransitive, Originally vulgar Britain, now chiefly Australia) To shit, to void one's bowels.
  4. (transitive, Originally vulgar Britain, now chiefly Australia) To cover or spray with shit, to defile with excrement.
  5. (transitive, Britain, informal) To make a mess of something.
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See bug[8]

NounEdit

bog ‎(plural bogs)

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of bug: a bugbear, monster, or terror.
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Of uncertain etymology,[9] although possibly related to bug in its original senses of "big" and "puffed up".

Alternative formsEdit

  • (all senses): bug (Derbyshire & Lincolnshire)

AdjectiveEdit

bog ‎(comparative bogger, superlative boggest)

  1. (obsolete) Bold; boastful; proud.
    • 1592, William Warner, Albions England, Vol. VII, Ch. xxxvii, p. 167:
      The Cuckooe, seeing him so bog, waxt also wondrous wroth.
    • 1691, John Ray, South and East Country Words, p. 90:
      Bogge, bold, forward, sawcy. So we say, a very bog Fellow.
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

bog ‎(plural bogs)

  1. (obsolete) Puffery, boastfulness.
    • 1839, Charles Clark, "John Noakes and Mary Styles", l. 3:
      Their bog it nuver ceases.

VerbEdit

bog ‎(third-person singular simple present bogs, present participle bogging, simple past and past participle bogged)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To provoke, to bug.
    • 1546 in 1852, State Papers King Henry the Eighth, Vol. XI, p. 163:
      If you had not written to me... we had broke now, the Frenchmen bogged us so often with departing.
    • 1556, Nicholas Grimald's translation of Cicero as Marcus Tullius Ciceroes Thre Bokes of Duties to Marcus His Sonne, Vol. III, p. 154:
      A Frencheman: whom he [Manlius Torquatus] slew, being bogged [Latin: provocatus] by hym.

Etymology 4Edit

From bug off, a clipping of bugger off, likely under the influence of bog (coarse British slang for "toilet[s]").

VerbEdit

bog ‎(third-person singular simple present bogs, present participle bogging, simple past and past participle bogged)

  1. (euphemistic, slang, Britain, usually with "off") To go away.
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "bog, n.¹" & "bog, v.¹" Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1887.
  2. ^ Oxford Dictionaries. "British English: bog". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Collins English Dictionary. "bog". HarperCollins (London), 2016.
  4. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, "bog, n.⁴"
  5. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, "'bog-house, n." & "† 'boggard, n.²".
  6. ^ Merriam-Webster Online. "bog". Merriam-Webster (Springfield, Mass.), 2016.
  7. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, "bog, v.³"
  8. ^ Oxford English Dictionary. "† bog | bogge, n.²"
  9. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, "† bog, adj. and n.³" & † bog, v.²".

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse bók(beech, book), from Proto-Germanic *bōks, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos(beech).

NounEdit

bog c (singular definite bogen, plural indefinite bøger)

  1. book
Derived termsEdit
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Maybe from Middle Low German bōk.

NounEdit

bog c (singular definite bogen, plural indefinite bog)

  1. beech mast
InflectionEdit
Related termsEdit

External linksEdit


FrenchEdit

NounEdit

bog m ‎(plural bogs)

  1. (ecology) An ombrotrophic peatland.

AntonymsEdit

External linksEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bog

  1. past tense of biegen

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *poŋka(tuber, boil, unevenness), along with Estonian pung.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bog ‎(plural bogok)

  1. knot

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bog bogok
accusative bogot bogokat
dative bognak bogoknak
instrumental boggal bogokkal
causal-final bogért bogokért
translative boggá bogokká
terminative bogig bogokig
essive-formal bogként bogokként
essive-modal
inessive bogban bogokban
superessive bogon bogokon
adessive bognál bogoknál
illative bogba bogokba
sublative bogra bogokra
allative boghoz bogokhoz
elative bogból bogokból
delative bogról bogokról
ablative bogtól bogoktól
Possessive forms of bog
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bogom bogaim
2nd person sing. bogod bogaid
3rd person sing. boga bogai
1st person plural bogunk bogaink
2nd person plural bogotok bogaitok
3rd person plural boguk bogaik

Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish boc(soft, gentle, tender; tepid), from Proto-Celtic *buggos.

The verb is from Old Irish bocaid(softens, makes soft; moves; shakes), from the adjective.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bog ‎(genitive singular masculine boig, genitive singular feminine boige, plural boga, comparative boige)

  1. soft; yielding; tender; (of physical condition) flabby; (of disposition) indulgent, lenient, soft, foolish; (of living, conduct, etc.) easy; (of sound, voice) soft, mellow; (of weather) soft, wet; (of winter) mild, humid
  2. loose
  3. lukewarm

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

bog m ‎(genitive singular boig)

  1. soft
  2. (anatomy, of ear) lobe

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

bog ‎(present analytic bogann, future analytic bogfaidh, verbal noun bogadh, past participle bogtha) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. soften, become soft; (of pain) ease; (of milk) warm; (of weather) get milder; soften, move (someone's heart)
  2. move, loosen; (of a cradle) rock

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bog bhog mbog
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • "bog" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 boc” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • bocaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

bog

  1. rafsi of bongu.

Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bogъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bog m ‎(feminine equivalent bogowka)

  1. god

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • bóžy(godly, divine)

Molise CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Serbo-Croatian bog.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bog m

  1. god

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Walter Breu and Giovanni Piccoli (2000), Dizionario croato molisano di Acquaviva Collecroce: Dizionario plurilingue della lingua slava della minoranza di provenienza dalmata di Acquaviva Collecroce in Provincia di Campobasso (Parte grammaticale).

NorwegianEdit

NounEdit

bog m

  1. shoulder (of an animal)

InflectionEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *bōguz. Cognate with Old Saxon bōg, Dutch boeg(shoulders, chest of a horse), Old High German buog (German Bug(horse’s hock, ship’s prow)), Old Norse bógr (Icelandic bógur, Swedish bog(shoulder)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bōg n ‎(nominative plural bōg)

  1. the arm or shoulder
  2. a branch or bough of a tree

DescendantsEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish boc(soft, gentle, tender; tepid).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bog ‎(comparative buige)

  1. soft
  2. wet, damp, moist

DeclensionEdit

Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative bog bhog boga
Vocative bhuig bhog boga
Genitive bhuig bhuig/buige boga
Dative bhog bhuig boga

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
bog bhog
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bogъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȏg m ‎(Cyrillic spelling бо̑г)

  1. god, deity
  2. (colloquial) idol, god

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bogъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bóg m anim ‎(genitive bogá, nominative plural bogôvi)

  1. god

DeclensionEdit