Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/oḱtṓw

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Formally the dual of a stem *(H)oḱto- (four fingers). This erstwhile singular seems to appear in Avestan 𐬀𐬱𐬙𐬌-(ašti-, breadth of four fingers).

NumeralEdit

Proto-Indo-European cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : *oḱtṓw
    Ordinal : *oḱtowós[1]

*oḱtṓw or *h₁oḱtṓw

  1. eight

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Albanian: *aktṓ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Anatolian: [Term?]
  • Proto-Armenian: [Term?]
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *aśtṓ
  • Proto-Celtic: *oxtū (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *ahtōu (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *oktṓ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Haštā́ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *oktō (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *óktä (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Kartvelian: *otxo- (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004, 2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell