U+C721, 육
HANGUL SYLLABLE YUG
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:d-b-r

[U+C720]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C722]

KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Revised Romanization? yuk
Revised Romanization (translit.)? yug
McCune–Reischauer? yuk
Yale Romanization? yuk

Etymology 1Edit





위 ←→ 으

SyllableEdit

(yuk)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from (six)

Alternative formsEdit

NumeralEdit

(yuk) (hanja )

  1. (Sino-Korean numeral) six
    Synonym: 여섯 (yeoseot, native numeral)
Usage notesEdit

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

  • 종이 () (jong-i du jang, two sheets of paper, native numeral)
  • () (i bun, two minutes, Sino-Korean numeral)
  • 서른/삼십 () (seoreun/samsip myeong, thirty people, both sets possible)

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세요 (hanaman deo juseyo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ireun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation of 육군 (yukgun).

NounEdit

(yuk) (hanja )

  1. (South Korea, abbreviation) army.