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This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-TurkicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From oblique case of *bẹ-. Often connected to Proto-Mongolic *bi (I) and Proto-Tungusic *bi (I).

PronounEdit

*ben

  1. I

PostpositionEdit

*ben

  1. Denotes "to be" for first person singular when at the end of an object; am
  2. Denotes first person singular after various tenses

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Common Turkic
    • Karakhanid: مَنْ(men)
    • Old Turkic
    • Khorezmian Turkic: [script needed] (ben), [script needed] (men)
    • Arghu
      • Khalaj: [script needed] (män)
    • Oghuz
      • Azerbaijani: mən
      • Gagauz: bän
      • Ottoman Turkish: بن(ben), م(-m, -im)
      • Salar: [script needed] (mēn)
      • Turkmen: men
    • Kipchak
      • Cuman: [script needed] (men)
      • Mamluk-Kipchak: [script needed] (men)
      • West Kipchak
      • North Kipchak
      • South Kipchak
    • Karluk
      • Chagatai: [script needed] (mén)
    • Siberian
      • North Siberian
      • South Siberian
      • Western Yugur: [script needed] (men)
  • Oghur

Further readingEdit

  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bĭ̀”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), “ben”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 346