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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • First attested in 1541.
  • From Latin abdicātus (renounced), perfect passive participle of abdicō (renounce, reject, disclaim), formed from ab (away) + dicō (proclaim, dedicate, declare), akin to dīcō (say).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

abdicate (third-person singular simple present abdicates, present participle abdicating, simple past and past participle abdicated)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To disclaim and expel from the family, as a father his child; to disown; to disinherit. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the early 19th century.]
  2. (transitive, reflexive, obsolete) To formally separate oneself from or to divest oneself of. [First attested from the mid 16th century until the late 17th century.]
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To depose. [Attested from the early 17th century until the late 18th century.]
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To reject; to cast off; to discard. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the late 17th century.]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bishop Hall to this entry?)
  5. (transitive) To surrender, renounce or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office, station, dignity; to fail to fulfill responsibility for. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
    to abdicate the throne, the crown, the papacy
    Note: The word abdicate was held to mean, in the case of James II, to abandon without a formal surrender.
    • 1776, Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire:
      The cross-bearers abdicated their service.
    • 1790, Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France:
      He abdicates all right to be his own governor.
    • 1856, James Anthony Froude, History of England from the Fall of Wolsey to the Death of Elizabeth:
      The understanding abdicates its functions.
  6. (intransitive) To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or dignity; to renounce sovereignty. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
    • 1790, Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France:
      Though a king may abdicate for his own person, he cannot abdicate for the monarchy.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

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TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

ReferencesEdit


ItalianEdit

LatinEdit