retire

See also: retiré

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French retirer ‎(draw back), from prefix re- ‎(back), + verb tirer ‎(draw, pull), from Old French tirer, tirier ‎(to draw out, arrange, adorn), from tire, tiere ‎(row, rank, order, dress) of Germanic origin akin to Old English and Old Saxon tīr ‎(fame, glory, ornament), Old English tīer ‎(rank, row), Old High German ziari, zēri ‎(ornament), German Zier ‎(ornament, adornment), German zieren ‎(to adorn). More at tier.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

retire ‎(third-person singular simple present retires, present participle retiring, simple past and past participle retired)

  1. (intransitive) To stop working on a permanent basis, usually because of old age or illness.
    Having made a large fortune, he retired.
    He wants to retire at 55.
  2. (transitive, sometimes reflexive) To withdraw; to take away.
    • Sir Philip Sidney
      He [] retired himself, his wife, and children into a forest.
    • Sir J. Davies
      As when the sun is present all the year, / And never doth retire his golden ray.
  3. (transitive) To withdraw from circulation, or from the market; to take up and pay; as, to retire bonds; to retire a note.
    The central bank retired those notes five years ago.
  4. (transitive) To cause to retire; specifically, to designate as no longer qualified for active service; to place on the retired list; as, to retire a military or naval officer.
    The board retired the old major.
  5. (transitive, cricket, of a batsman) To voluntarily stop batting before being dismissed so that the next batsman can bat
    Jones retired in favour of Smith.
  6. (transitive, baseball, of a fielder) To make a play which results in a runner or the batter being out, either by means of a put out, fly out or strikeout
    Jones retired Smith 6-3.
  7. (intransitive) To go back or return; to draw back or away; to keep aloof; to withdraw or retreat, as from observation; to go into privacy; as, to retire to his home; to retire from the world, or from notice.
    I will retire to the study.
  8. (intransitive) To retreat from action or danger; to withdraw for safety or pleasure; as, to retire from battle.
    The regiment retired from the fray after the Major was killed.
  9. (intransitive) To recede; to fall or bend back; as, the shore of the sea retires in bays and gulfs.
    Past the point, the shore retires into a sequence of coves.
  10. (intransitive) To go to bed.
    I will retire for the night.

NounEdit

retire ‎(plural retires)

  1. (rare) The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; also, a place to which one retires.
  2. (dated) A call sounded on a bugle, announcing to skirmishers that they are to retire, or fall back.
    At the retire, the cavalry fell back.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PortugueseEdit

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

retire

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of retirar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of retirar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of retirar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of retirar.
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