See also: abdicó and abdicò

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

abdico

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of abdicar

ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

abdico

  1. first-person singular present indicative of abdicare

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From ab- (from) +‎ dīcō (say).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

abdīcō (present infinitive abdīcere, perfect active abdīxī, supine abdictum); third conjugation, irregular short imperative (rare)

  1. (of an unfavorable omen, only once attested) I am against, disapprove of, reject, refuse, deny, forbid, disallow, condemn
    • 44 BCE, Cicero, De divinatione 1.17.31:
      Itaque sue inventā ad merīdiem spectāns in vīneā mediā dīcitur cōnstitisse, cumque in quattuor partīs vīneam dīvīsisset trīsque partīs avēs abdīxissent, quārtā parte, quae erat relīqua, in regiōnēs distribūta, mīrābilī magnitūdine ūvam, ut scriptum vidēmus, invēnit.
      So, with the sow found, he is said to have stood in the middle of the vinyard looking south, and when he divided the vinyard into four parts the birds refused three parts, and with the fourth part, which was remaining, divided into regions, he found, as we find written, a bunch of grapes of extraordinary size.
  2. (law) I take away by sentence, withhold a right
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of abdīcō (third conjugation, irregular short imperative)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abdīcō abdīcis abdīcit abdīcimus abdīcitis abdīcunt
imperfect abdīcēbam abdīcēbās abdīcēbat abdīcēbāmus abdīcēbātis abdīcēbant
future abdīcam abdīcēs abdīcet abdīcēmus abdīcētis abdīcent
perfect abdīxī abdīxistī abdīxit abdīximus abdīxistis abdīxērunt, abdīxēre
pluperfect abdīxeram abdīxerās abdīxerat abdīxerāmus abdīxerātis abdīxerant
future perfect abdīxerō abdīxeris abdīxerit abdīxerimus abdīxeritis abdīxerint
passive present abdīcor abdīceris, abdīcere abdīcitur abdīcimur abdīciminī abdīcuntur
imperfect abdīcēbar abdīcēbāris, abdīcēbāre abdīcēbātur abdīcēbāmur abdīcēbāminī abdīcēbantur
future abdīcar abdīcēris, abdīcēre abdīcētur abdīcēmur abdīcēminī abdīcentur
perfect abdictus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect abdictus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect abdictus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abdīcam abdīcās abdīcat abdīcāmus abdīcātis abdīcant
imperfect abdīcerem abdīcerēs abdīceret abdīcerēmus abdīcerētis abdīcerent
perfect abdīxerim abdīxerīs abdīxerit abdīxerīmus abdīxerītis abdīxerint
pluperfect abdīxissem abdīxissēs abdīxisset abdīxissēmus abdīxissētis abdīxissent
passive present abdīcar abdīcāris, abdīcāre abdīcātur abdīcāmur abdīcāminī abdīcantur
imperfect abdīcerer abdīcerēris, abdīcerēre abdīcerētur abdīcerēmur abdīcerēminī abdīcerentur
perfect abdictus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect abdictus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abdīc, abdīce abdīcite
future abdīcitō abdīcitō abdīcitōte abdīcuntō
passive present abdīcere abdīciminī
future abdīcitor abdīcitor abdīcuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abdīcere abdīxisse abdictūrum esse abdīcī abdictum esse abdictum īrī
participles abdīcēns abdictūrus abdictus abdīcendus, abdīcundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
abdīcendī abdīcendō abdīcendum abdīcendō abdictum abdictū
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From ab- (from) +‎ dicō (I dedicate).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

abdicō (present infinitive abdicāre, perfect active abdicāvī, supine abdicātum); first conjugation

  1. I deny, refuse to acknowledge, reject
    Synonyms: abnegō, abnuō, dēnegō, negō, recūsō, respuō
    Antonyms: approbō, cōnfiteor, , permittō
  2. I resign, abdicate
  3. I abolish, renounce
  4. I disinherit, disown
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of abdicō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abdicō abdicās abdicat abdicāmus abdicātis abdicant
imperfect abdicābam abdicābās abdicābat abdicābāmus abdicābātis abdicābant
future abdicābō abdicābis abdicābit abdicābimus abdicābitis abdicābunt
perfect abdicāvī abdicāvistī abdicāvit abdicāvimus abdicāvistis abdicāvērunt, abdicāvēre
pluperfect abdicāveram abdicāverās abdicāverat abdicāverāmus abdicāverātis abdicāverant
future perfect abdicāverō abdicāveris abdicāverit abdicāverimus abdicāveritis abdicāverint
passive present abdicor abdicāris, abdicāre abdicātur abdicāmur abdicāminī abdicantur
imperfect abdicābar abdicābāris, abdicābāre abdicābātur abdicābāmur abdicābāminī abdicābantur
future abdicābor abdicāberis, abdicābere abdicābitur abdicābimur abdicābiminī abdicābuntur
perfect abdicātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect abdicātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect abdicātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abdicem abdicēs abdicet abdicēmus abdicētis abdicent
imperfect abdicārem abdicārēs abdicāret abdicārēmus abdicārētis abdicārent
perfect abdicāverim abdicāverīs abdicāverit abdicāverīmus abdicāverītis abdicāverint
pluperfect abdicāvissem abdicāvissēs abdicāvisset abdicāvissēmus abdicāvissētis abdicāvissent
passive present abdicer abdicēris, abdicēre abdicētur abdicēmur abdicēminī abdicentur
imperfect abdicārer abdicārēris, abdicārēre abdicārētur abdicārēmur abdicārēminī abdicārentur
perfect abdicātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect abdicātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abdicā abdicāte
future abdicātō abdicātō abdicātōte abdicantō
passive present abdicāre abdicāminī
future abdicātor abdicātor abdicantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abdicāre abdicāvisse abdicātūrum esse abdicārī abdicātum esse abdicātum īrī
participles abdicāns abdicātūrus abdicātus abdicandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
abdicandī abdicandō abdicandum abdicandō abdicātum abdicātū
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • abdico in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abdico in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • abdico in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the omens are favourable to some one: aves (alites, oscines) addīcunt alicui (opp. abdicunt aliquid)
    • to resign one's post (before the expiry of the term of office): abdicare se magistratu (Div. 2. 35)
  • abdico in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • 2004, Professor Kidd, et al. Collins Gem Latin Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers, →ISBN, page 1.

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

abdico

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of abdicar

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /abˈdiko/, [aβ̞ˈð̞i.ko]

VerbEdit

abdico

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of abdicar.