See also: abjuré

English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English abjuren, from Latin abiūrō (deny upon oath) (possibly via Middle French abjurer), formed from ab (from, away from) + iūro (swear or take an oath), from iūs (law, right, duty).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • (US) IPA(key): /æbˈd͡ʒʊɹ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʊə(ɹ)

Verb edit

abjure (third-person singular simple present abjures, present participle abjuring, simple past and past participle abjured)

  1. (transitive) To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
    To abjure allegiance to a prince.
    To abjure the realm (to swear to abandon it forever).
    • 1786, William Beckford, Vathek; an Arabian Tale:
      adore then the terrestrial influences, and abjure Mahomet.
  2. (transitive, obsolete, historical) To cause one to renounce or recant. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
  3. (transitive) To reject with solemnity; to abandon forever; to repudiate; to disclaim. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
    To abjure errors.
  4. (transitive) To abstain from; to avoid; to shun.
    • 1902, Robert Marshall Grade, The Haunted Major:
      Except during the season in town, she spends her year in golfing, either at St Magnus or Pau, for, like all good Americans, she has long since abjured her native soil.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References edit

  1. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], →ISBN), page 3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abjure”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 5.

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

abjure

  1. inflection of abjurer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Portuguese edit

Verb edit

abjure

  1. inflection of abjurar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /abˈxuɾe/ [aβ̞ˈxu.ɾe]
  • Rhymes: -uɾe
  • Syllabification: ab‧ju‧re

Verb edit

abjure

  1. inflection of abjurar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative