See also: Shun, shùn, shǔn, and sħun

English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English shǒnen (to decline to do, avoid, fear), from Old English sċunian (to shun, fear, avoid), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Proto-West Germanic *skū̌hnōn, *skū̌hnijan, *skeuhnēn (to frighten, fear), from Proto-Germanic *skuhaz, *skeuhaz (timid, fearful, shy).

Alternatively, possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewdʰ- (to cover, wrap, encase), from *(s)kewH- (to cover, hide); if so, cognate with Old English hȳdan (to hide, conceal, preserve).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʃʌn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Verb edit

shun (third-person singular simple present shuns, present participle shunning, simple past and past participle shunned)

  1. (transitive) To avoid, especially persistently; ostracize.
    Acrophobes shun mountaineering.
    • 2013 August 10, Lexington, “Keeping the mighty honest”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      British journalists shun complete respectability, feeling a duty to be ready to savage the mighty, or rummage through their bins. Elsewhere in Europe, government contracts and subsidies ensure that press barons will only defy the mighty so far.
  2. (transitive) To escape (a threatening evil, an unwelcome task etc).
  3. (transitive) To screen, hide.
  4. (transitive) To shove, push.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References edit

Anagrams edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit


  1. Rōmaji transcription of しゅん

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit


  1. Nonstandard spelling of shǔn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of shùn.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.