abominate

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1644. Perhaps a back-formation from abomination.[1] Alternatively, perhaps from Late Latin abōminātus, past participle of abōminarī (to deprecate as an ill omen), from ab + ominari (to forebode, presage), from omen.[2]

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈbɒm.əˌnəɪt/, /əˈbɒm.ɪˌnəɪt/
  • (adjective): (US) IPA(key): /ə.ˈbɒm.ə.ˌnəɪt/, /ə.ˈbɒm.ɪ.ˌnəɪt/, /ə.ˈbɒm.ə.nət/

AdjectiveEdit

abominate (comparative more abominate, superlative most abominate)

  1. (rare) Abominable; detested. [First attested in the late 16th century.][3]

VerbEdit

abominate (third-person singular simple present abominates, present participle abominating, simple past and past participle abominated)

  1. (transitive) To feel disgust towards; to loathe or detest thoroughly; to hate in the highest degree, as if with religious dread. [First attested in the mid 17th century.][3]
    Synonym: abhor
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice:
      "Much as I abominate writing, I would not give up Mr. Collins's correspondence for any consideration."
  2. (transitive, colloquial) To dislike strongly. [First attested in the late 19th century.][3]

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], →ISBN), page 4
  2. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 5
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 “abominate” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 6.

ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

abominate

  1. second-person plural present indicative of abominare
  2. second-person plural imperative of abominare
  3. feminine plural of abominato

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

abōmināte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of abōminō