See also: Bolus and bolús

English edit

Etymology edit

From Late Latin bōlus (clod of earth, lump), plural bōlī, from Ancient Greek βῶλος (bôlos, clod, lump). Doublet of bole.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbəʊləs/
  • (file)
  • (file)
    Rhymes: -əʊləs

Noun edit

bolus (plural boli or boluses)

  1. A round mass of something, especially of chewed food in the mouth or alimentary canal.
  2. A single, large dose of a drug, especially one in that form.

Usage notes edit

  • Boli is the somewhat more common plural form of bolus in scholarly use.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Verb edit

bolus (third-person singular simple present boluses, present participle bolusing, simple past and past participle bolused)

  1. (transitive) To administer (a drug) in bolus dosing, that is, dosing in (one or more) boluses.
  2. (intransitive) To take a bolus (dose) of insulin at a mealtime in order to control one's blood glucose level in diabetes.
    Coordinate term: prebolus

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈboː.lʏs/
  • Hyphenation: bo‧lus

Etymology 1 edit

Generally regarded as borrowed from Yiddish [Term?], from Ladino [Term?], from Spanish bollo or bola.

Noun edit

bolus m (plural bolussen, diminutive bolusje n)

  1. A sweet, soft pastry containing cinnamon from Zeeland, originating from European Jewish cuisine.
  2. (colloquial, Netherlands, by extension) A turd, a pat.
Alternative forms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Latin bōlus, from Ancient Greek βῶλος (bôlos).

Noun edit

bolus m or f (plural bolussen)

  1. A type of fat clay.
    Synonym: bool
Hyponyms edit

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit


  1. conditional of boli

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek βόλος (bólos).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bolus m (genitive bolī); second declension

  1. A throw (of the dice); a cast (of a fishing net)
  2. A gain, profit, or advantage

Declension edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bolus bolī
Genitive bolī bolōrum
Dative bolō bolīs
Accusative bolum bolōs
Ablative bolō bolīs
Vocative bole bolī

References edit

  • bolus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bolus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers