See also: čáru and čárů

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin cārus.

Adjective edit

caru m sg (feminine singular cara, neuter singular caro, masculine plural caros, feminine plural cares)

  1. expensive

Antonyms edit

Latvian edit

Noun edit

caru m

  1. inflection of cars:
    1. accusative/instrumental singular
    2. genitive plural

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *karu, from Proto-Germanic *karō. Cognate with Old Saxon kara, Old High German kara, Old Norse kǫr (sickbed), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌰 (kara).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

caru f

  1. worry, anxiety, care
  2. sorrow, grief

Usage notes edit

The declension table below shows the inherited forms of caru, with a-restoration and palatal diphthongization before front vowels. This distinction was often leveled in both directions, giving alternative forms such as nom. sg. ċearu and dat. sg. care.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle English: care
    • English: care
    • Scots: care
    • Yola: caure, caare, caar

Welsh edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Brythonic *karɨd, from Proto-Celtic *kareti (to love), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂- (to desire, wish).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

caru (first-person singular present caraf)

  1. (transitive) to love, like
    Antonym: casáu

Conjugation edit

Related terms edit

  • cariad m (love, charity, affection; beloved (one); lover, sweetheart, darling)
  • Carwyn

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caru garu ngharu charu
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “caru”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies