See also: čáru and čárů

AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cārus.

AdjectiveEdit

caru m sg (feminine singular cara, neuter singular caro, masculine plural caros, feminine plural cares)

  1. expensive

AntonymsEdit


LatvianEdit

NounEdit

caru m

  1. accusative singular form of cars
  2. instrumental singular form of cars
  3. genitive plural form of cars

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *karō. Cognate with Old Saxon kara, Old High German kara, Old Norse kǫr (sickbed), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌰 (kara).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

caru f

  1. worry, anxiety
  2. sorrow, grief, sadness
    cargāstspirit of sorrow, anxiety
    cargealdorsorrowful song, lamentation
    carsīþsorrowful journey

Usage notesEdit

The declension table below shows the inherited forms of caru, with a-restoration before back vowels and palatalization and palatal diphthongization before front vowels. This distinction was often leveled in both directions, giving alternative forms such as nom. sg. ċearu and dat. sg. care.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: care

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *karɨd, from Proto-Celtic *kareti (to love), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂- (to desire, wish).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

caru (first-person singular present caraf)

  1. (transitive) to love, like

ConjugationEdit

Related termsEdit

  • cariad m (love, charity, affection; beloved (one); lover, sweetheart, darling)

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caru garu ngharu charu
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “caru”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies