See also: Caro, ĉaro, čaro, čáro, and ca-rô

AragoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

AdjectiveEdit

caro m sg (feminine singular cara, neuter singular caro, masculine and neuter plural caros, feminine plural cares)

  1. expensive

ReferencesEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡saro/
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ro
  • Rhymes: -aro
  • Audio:
    (file)

NounEdit

caro (accusative singular caron, plural caroj, accusative plural carojn)

  1. tsar, czar
    Coordinate term: carino

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese caro (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin carus (dear; expensive).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

caro m (feminine singular cara, masculine plural caros, feminine plural caras)

  1. expensive; costly
    O barato adoito sai caro (proveb)Cheap frequently results expensive
    Antonym: barato
  2. (literary) dear

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • caro” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • caro” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • caro” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • caro” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • caro” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Esperanto caroEnglish czarFrench tsarGerman ZarItalian zarRussian царь (carʹ)Spanish zar.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

caro (plural cari)

  1. (historical) czar, tsar (no specific gender)

Derived termsEdit

  • carala (relating to the czar, tsar)
  • carido (czarevitch, tsarevich)
  • carino (czarina, tsarina)
  • carulo (a male czar, tsar)

IstriotEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cārus.

NounEdit

caro

  1. dear; darling
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Caro, cun quil visito bianco e russo.
      Dear, with that little white and red face.

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cārus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

caro (feminine cara, masculine plural cari, feminine plural care)

  1. dear (beloved, or in the salutation of a letter), sweetheart
  2. dear, precious, expensive

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

caro m (plural cari, feminine cara)

  1. dear (darling)

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • caro in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *karō, from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *(s)ker-. Cognate with Dutch scheren, German scheren, Norwegian skjære, Swedish skära; and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek κείρω (keírō, I cut off), English shear, Albanian harr (to cut, to mow), Lithuanian skìrti (separate), Welsh ysgar (separate). See also sharp.

NounEdit

carō f (genitive carnis); third declension

  1. (literally) flesh, meat of an animal; pulp of a fruit
    1. flesh of the human body, as the seat of the passions
  2. (metonymically) soft part of a precious stone
  3. (figuratively) richness of discourse
InflectionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative carō carnēs
Genitive carnis carnum
carnium
Dative carnī carnibus
Accusative carnem carnēs
Ablative carne carnibus
Vocative carō carnēs
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compare Ancient Greek κείρω (keírō), German scheren, English sheer. (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

cārō (present infinitive cārere); third conjugation, no perfect or supine stem

  1. (rare) card
InflectionEdit
   Conjugation of cārō (third conjugation, no supine stem, no perfect stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cārō cāris cārit cārimus cāritis cārunt
imperfect cārēbam cārēbās cārēbat cārēbāmus cārēbātis cārēbant
future cāram cārēs cāret cārēmus cārētis cārent
passive present cāror cāreris, cārere cāritur cārimur cāriminī cāruntur
imperfect cārēbar cārēbāris, cārēbāre cārēbātur cārēbāmur cārēbāminī cārēbantur
future cārar cārēris, cārēre cārētur cārēmur cārēminī cārentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cāram cārās cārat cārāmus cārātis cārant
imperfect cārerem cārerēs cāreret cārerēmus cārerētis cārerent
passive present cārar cārāris, cārāre cārātur cārāmur cārāminī cārantur
imperfect cārerer cārerēris, cārerēre cārerētur cārerēmur cārerēminī cārerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cāre cārite
future cāritō cāritō cāritōte cāruntō
passive present cārere cāriminī
future cāritor cāritor cāruntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cārere cārī
participles cārēns cārendus, cārundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cārendī cārendō cārendum cārendō

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

carō m

  1. dative/ablative singular of caros

Etymology 4Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

AdjectiveEdit

cārō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of cārus

ReferencesEdit

  • caro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caro in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • caro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to live on meat, fish, by plunder: vivere carne, piscibus, rapto (Liv. 7. 25)

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

caro

  1. nominative singular masculine of cara (walker; frequenting)

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese caro, from Latin cārus (dear, beloved), from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₂ros.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

caro m (feminine singular cara, masculine plural caros, feminine plural caras, comparable)

  1. greatly valued; dear; loved; lovable
  2. of high price; expensive

InflectionEdit


SomaliEdit

NounEdit

caro ?

  1. earth

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cārus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaɾo/, [ˈka.ɾo]

AdjectiveEdit

caro (feminine cara, masculine plural caros, feminine plural caras)

  1. dear (loved)
    Synonym: querido
  2. expensive
    Synonym: costoso
    Antonyms: barato, económico

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AdverbEdit

caro

  1. costly
    • 2009 June 4, Gerardo Lissardy, “Europa vota, con escepticismo y enfado”, in BBC Mundo[2]:
      Europa celebra elecciones legislativas a partir de este jueves marcada por problemas políticos y una crisis económica que podrían costarle caro a los partidos gobernantes...
      Europe celebrates legislative elections this Thursday marked by political problems and an economic crisis that could be costly for the ruling parties...

Further readingEdit


VenetianEdit

NounEdit

caro m (plural cari)

  1. wagon, cart, lorry, truck

AdjectiveEdit

caro m (feminine singular cara, masculine plural cari, feminine plural care)

  1. dear (all senses)

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

caro

  1. (literary) third-person singular present subjunctive of caru

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
caro garo ngharo charo
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.