Middle EnglishEdit


Borrowed from Old French chalengier, chalongier, chalenger, from Latin calumnior; equivalent to chalenge +‎ -en (infinitival suffix).

Alternative formsEdit


  • IPA(key): /ˈtʃalɛndʒən/, /ˈtʃalandʒən/, /ˈtʃalau̯ndʒən/
  • (From Old Northern French) IPA(key): /ˈkalɛndʒ(ə)/, /ˈkalandʒ(ə)/



  1. To insult, criticise, or reprehend something or someone; to find fault with.
  2. To counter, oppose, argue, or work against something or someone; to be against.
  3. To take, especially wrongfully; to appropriate or expropriate something.
  4. To claim ownership or a privilege; to say something or some power is one's own.
  5. To make an accusation or allegation; especially a malicious and wrongful one.
  6. To track or go towards something; to search for, seek out, or look for.
  7. To make a summons to fight a duel or a call to arms.
  8. (rare) To forcefully request or ask for; to impose a duty on someone.
  9. (rare) To behave harmfully, unfairly and unjustifiedly towards someone.
  10. (rare) To inflict punishment or penalties upon someone for their actions.
  11. (rare) To win a conflict or engagement; to defeat one's enemies.
  12. (rare) To give as a reason for entering into a duel.



  • English: challenge
  • Scots: challenge