Borrowed from Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare (“to weight together one thing against another, balance, make good, later also shorten, spare”), from com- (“together”) + pensare (“to weight”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɒm.pən.seɪt/, /ˈkɒm.pɛn.seɪt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkɑm.pənˌseɪt/
Audio (US) (file)
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈkɔm.penˌsæɪt/
- Rhymes: -eɪt, -æɪt
- To do (something good) after (something bad) happens
- To pay or reward someone in exchange for work done or some other consideration.
- It is hard work, but they will compensate you well for it.
- (transitive, intransitive) To make up for; to do something in place of something else; to correct, satisfy; to reach an agreement such that the scales are literally or (metaphorically) balanced; to equalize or make even.
- His loud voice cannot compensate for a lack of personality.
- To compensate me for his tree landing on my shed, my neighbor paved my driveway.
- 1631, Francis [Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], 3rd edition, London: […] William Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], →OCLC:
- The length of the night and the dews thereof do compensate the heat of the day.
- 1718, Mat[thew] Prior, “Solomon on the Vanity of the World. A Poem in Three Books.”, in Poems on Several Occasions, London: […] Jacob Tonson […], and John Barber […], →OCLC, (please specify the page):, Preface
- The pleasures of life do not compensate the miseries.
- To adjust or adapt to a change, often a harm or deprivation.
- I don't like driving that old car because it always steers a little to the left so I'm forever compensating for that when I drive it. Trust me, it gets annoying real fast.
- To compensate for his broken leg, Gary uses crutches.
|present tense||past tense|
|2nd-person singular||compensate, compensatest†||compensated, compensatedst†|
|3rd-person singular||compensates, compensateth†||compensated|
- (to do something good): See Thesaurus:compensate
- (to pay): guerdon, reimburse; see also Thesaurus:reimburse
- (to make up for): See Thesaurus:atone or Thesaurus:offset
- (to adjust to a change): acclimatize, acclimate, accommodate, accustom, adapt; see also Thesaurus:accustom
Derived terms Edit
Related terms Edit
Further reading Edit
Etymology 1 Edit
Etymology 2 Edit
compensate f pl