- (transitive) To constitute; to compose; to form.
1920, M. D. Eder, Dream Psychology, translation of original by Sigmund Freud:
- The words "dream interpretation" were and still are indeed fraught with unpleasant, unscientific associations. They remind one of all sorts of childish, superstitious notions, which make up the thread and woof of dream books, read by none but the ignorant and the primitive.
2013 September-October, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, American Scientist:
- Oxygen levels on Earth skyrocketed 2.4 billion years ago, when cyanobacteria evolved photosynthesis: […] . The evolutionary precursor of photosynthesis is still under debate, and a new study sheds light. The critical component of the photosynthetic system is the “water-oxidizing complex”, made up of manganese atoms and a calcium atom.
- (transitive) To compensate, fill in or catch up.
- He can make up the time next week.
- I plan to make up for my failed midterm.
- Cuba took limited free market-oriented measures to alleviate severe shortages of food, consumer goods, and services to make up for the ending of Soviet subsidies.
1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, The China Governess:
- Meanwhile Nanny Broome was recovering from her initial panic and seemed anxious to make up for any kudos she might have lost, by exerting her personality to the utmost. She took the policeman's helmet and placed it on a chair, and unfolded his tunic to shake it and fold it up again for him.
2011 February 6, Alistair Magowan, “West Ham 0-1 Birmingham”, BBC:
- Roger Johnson came closest to scoring for the visitors in the first half when he headed over from six yards following Lee Bowyer's cross, but he made up for that by producing some sterling defending to head clear Obinna's bullet centre.
- (transitive) To invent, imagine, or concoct (a story, claim, etc.).
- He was a great storyteller and could make up a story on the spot.
- (transitive, cooking) To assemble, or mix.
- I can make up a batch of stew in a few minutes, but it will take a few hours to cook.
- (transitive) To apply cosmetics or makeup to.
- Let's leave as soon I make up my face.
- (intransitive) To resolve, forgive or smooth over an argument or fight.
- They fight a lot, but they always manage to make up.
- To overcome a disadvantage.
2011 January 15, Saj Chowdhury, “Man City 4-3 Wolves”, BBC:
- The Argentine found Dzeko and his killer ball was timed brilliantly for the Ivorian, who made up 90 yards, to slot in.
- The object in all transitive senses can come before or after the particle. If it is a pronoun, then it must come before the particle.
to compensate, fill in or catch up
to invent, imagine, or concoct
to assemble, or mix
to apply cosmetics or makeup
to resolve, forgive or smooth over an argument or fight