In form, from Middle English -ern(e), -ren, -ron (northern(e), northron, so(u)thern(e), sothron, etc), from Old English -erne (norþerne, etc), from Proto-Germanic *-r- (probably from rebracketing of *nurþrōnijaz etc) + *-ōnijaz, whence also Old High German -rōni, Old Saxon -rōni, Old Norse -rœnn / Old Norse -œnn. In practice, possibly a back-formation from northern, southern, etc.
- (nonstandard outside fossilized words) Added to the names of directions to form adjectives.
Variant of -erne.
- Suffix meaning "toward a place"; alternative form of