See also: Grates, gratés, and gråtes

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

grates

  1. plural of grate

VerbEdit

grates

  1. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of grate

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

AdjectiveEdit

grates

  1. feminine plural of grat

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

grates

  1. second-person singular present indicative form of gratar

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the plural of Old Latin *grātis, from Proto-Italic *grātis, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷérHtis, from the root *gʷerH- (to welcome, greet, praise) +‎ *-tis (deverbal abstract noun–forming suffix). Cognates include Oscan 𐌁𐌓𐌀𐌕𐌄𐌝𐌔 (brateís), Paelignian brat, brais, Vestinian brat, Old Church Slavonic жрьти (žrĭti, to offer, sacrifice) and Sanskrit गूर्ति (gūrtí, approval, praise, welcoming; benediction). Compare grātia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

grātēs f pl (genitive grātium); third declension

  1. thanks rendered, thanksgiving

Usage notesEdit

This noun originally appeared only in the nominative and accusative plural (The genitive, dative, and vocative plural are unattested and ablative plural only rarely) and was used with agō when rendering thanks to the gods. grātiās agō was generally used for thanks between humans.

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (i-stem), plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative grātēs
Genitive grātium
Dative grātibus
Accusative grātēs
grātīs
Ablative grātibus
Vocative grātēs

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • grates”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • grates”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • grates in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • grates in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to give thanks to heaven: grates agere (dis immortalibus)
    • to thank, glorify the immortal gods: grates, laudes agere dis immortalibus