grates

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

grates

  1. plural of grate

VerbEdit

grates

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of grate

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

grates

  1. second-person singular present indicative form of gratar

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE root
*gʷerH-

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷerH- ‎(to welcome, greet, praise). Cognates include Sanskrit गृणाति ‎(gṛṇā́ti, to praise), Old Church Slavonic жрьти ‎(žrĭti) and Old Prussian girtwei ‎(to praise).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

grātēs f ‎(genitive grātium); third declension

  1. thanks rendered, thanksgiving

Usage notesEdit

This noun originally appeared only in the nominative and accusative plural (The genitive, dative, and vocative plural are unattested and ablative plural only rarely) and was used with agō when rendering thanks to the gods. grātiās agō was generally used for thanks between humans.

DeclensionEdit

Third declension i-stem.

Case Plural
nominative grātēs
genitive grātium
dative grātibus
accusative grātēs
ablative grātibus
vocative grātēs

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • grates” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • grates” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to give thanks to heaven: grates agere (dis immortalibus)
    • to thank, glorify the immortal gods: grates, laudes agere dis immortalibus
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