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VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from . Compare xe and xa.

NounEdit

hạ

  1. (literary) Alternative form of (summer)

See alsoEdit

Seasons in Vietnamese · bốn mùa (four seasons) (layout · text)
xuân (spring) , hạ (summer) thu (fall; autumn) đông (winter)

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

VerbEdit

hạ

  1. to lower
  2. to bring down, to take down
Derived termsEdit