Middle English ( sesoun, seson “ time of the year ”), a borrowing from Old French ( seson, seison “ time of sowing, seeding ”), from Latin , accusative of satiōnem ( satiō “ act of sowing, planting ”) from , past participle of satum ( serere “ to sow, plant ”) from Proto-Indo-European ( *seh₁- “ to sow, plant ”). Akin to Old English ( sāwan “ to sow ”), Old English ( sǣd “ seed ”). Displaced native Middle English ( sele “ season ”) (from Old English ( sǣl “ season, time, occasion ”)), Middle English ( tide “ season, time of year ”) (from Old English ( tīd “ time, period, yeartide, season ”)).
season ( plural ) seasons Each of the four divisions of a
year: spring, summer, autumn and winter; yeartide.
seasons of the year in their beauty A part of a year when something particular happens:
, mating season , rainy season .
1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in : Mr. Pratt's Patients
Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand. We spent consider'ble money getting 'em reset, and then a swordfish got into the pound and tore the nets all to slathers, right in the middle of the squiteague season.
( obsolete ) That which gives relish; seasoning.
1599, William Shakespeare, , Much Ado About Nothing Act 4 Scene 1
O! she is fallen
Into a pit of ink, that the wide sea
Hath drops too few to wash her clean again,
And salt too little which may
season give To her foul-tainted flesh.
1605, Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Macbeth, III, 4
You lack the season of all natures, sleep.
( cricket ) The period over which a series of Test matches are played.
( Canada, US , broadcasting ) A group of episodes of a television or radio program broadcast in regular intervals with a long break between each group, usually with one year between the beginning of each.
The third season of Friends aired from 1996 to 1997.
( obsolete ) An extended, undefined period of time.
1656, John Owen, The Mortification of Sin
So it is in a person when a breach hath been made upon his conscience, quiet, perhaps credit, by his lust, in some eruption of actual sin; — carefulness, indignation, desire, fear, revenge are all set on work about it and against it, and lust is quiet for a
season, being run down before them; but when the hurry is over and the inquest is past, the thief appears again alive, and is as busy as ever at his work.
Usage notes Edit
In British English, a year-long group of episodes is called a
series, whereas in North American English the word "series" is a synonym of "program" or "show".
Derived terms Edit
Terms derived from
quarter of a year
( ລະດູ la dū) Latin:
hora (la) Latvian:
gadalaiks , m sezona f Lithuanian:
metų laikas m Luxembourgish:
Joreszäit f Macedonian:
годишно време ( n godišno vreme) Malay:
musim (ms) Malayalam:
ഋതു ( (ml) r̥tu) Maori:
ऋतू ( (mr) ŕtū) Narom:
ऋतु ( (ne) ŕtu) Northern Sotho:
årstid (no) , m, f sesong m Occitan:
sason (oc) f Oriya:
موسم ( (fa) mausam), فصل ( (fa) fasl) Polish:
pora roku (pl) f Portuguese:
estação (pt) , f sazão (pt) f Quechua:
sezon (ro) , n anotimp (ro) n Romansch:
stagiun , f stagiùn , f staschung f Russian:
вре́мя го́да (ru) ( n vrémja góda), сезо́н (ru) ( m sezón) Samogitian:
metu laikā Scots:
saison Scottish Gaelic:
aimsir , f ràith f Serbo-Croatian:
годишње доба , n доба n Roman:
godišnje doba , n doba (sh) n Shona:
mwaka yepaNyika Sicilian:
staciuni (scn) , f staggiuni , (scn) stagiuni , (scn) staciuna Slovak:
ročné obdobie n Slovene:
letni čas m Somali:
afarta xilli Spanish:
estación (es) f Swahili:
msimu (sw) Swedish:
årstid (sv) c Tagalog:
pana-panahon (tl) Tamil:
( பருவ காலம் paruva kālam) Telugu:
రుతువు ( (te) rutuvu) Thai:
ฤดู ( (th) rʉ́-duu) Turkish:
mevsim , (tr) sezon (tr) Turkmen:
пора́ ро́ку ( f porá róku) Urdu:
موسم ( m mausam), فصل ( m fasl), رت ( f rit) Venetian:
stajon , (vec) , staxon stagion Vietnamese:
mùa (vi) Volapük:
säsun (vo) Walloon:
såjhon (wa) Welsh:
tymor (cy) m West Frisian:
jiertiid (fy) c Winnebago:
( צײַט פון יאָר tseit fon yar)
part of year with something special
(obsolete) that which gives relish
(obsolete) an extended, undefined period of time
season ( third-person singular simple present , seasons present participle , seasoning simple past and past participle ) seasoned
( transitive ) To flavour food with spices, herbs or salt.
( transitive ) To make fit for any use by time or habit; to habituate; to accustom; to inure; to ripen; to mature; as, to season one to a climate.
( transitive ) Hence, to prepare by drying or hardening, or removal of natural juices; as, to season timber.
( intransitive ) To become mature; to grow fit for use; to become adapted to a climate.
( intransitive ) To become dry and hard, by the escape of the natural juices, or by being penetrated with other substance; as, timber seasons in the sun.
( obsolete ) To copulate with; to impregnate.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Holland to this entry?)
to make fit for any use by time or habit
to prepare by drying or hardening