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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin īnsignis (remarkable), in reference to its rapid growth. Compare remarkable pine.

NounEdit

insignis

  1. The Monterey pine (Pinus radiata, syn. Pinus insignis).

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From in- (within) +‎ signum (a sign, an emblem) +‎ -is (suffix forming an adjective); so formed because the subject qualified by this adjective has been revealed, specifically by means of a sign, to be exceptional relative to ordinary examples of its kind.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

īnsignis (neuter īnsigne, comparative īnsignior, superlative īnsignissimus); third declension

  1. fundamentally, sense = differentiated from that which is ordinary: exceptional, extraordinary, notable, outstanding, remarkable, striking
    Synonyms: eminens, extraordinarius, illustris, notabilis
    • Cicero Ad Quintum Fratrem Dialogi Tres: De Oratore, Libri Tres 237
      Nam nec insignis improbitas, et scelere iuncta, nec rursus miseria insignis agitata ridetur...
      "For neither remarkable wickedness, such as involves crime, nor, on the other hand, exceptional wretchedness is assailed by ridicule..."
    • Cicero De Oratore, Libri Tres 244
      ...in aliquo insigni ad inridendum vitio reperiantur.
      "...they are discovered to possess some striking and ridiculous failing."
    • Cicero Laelius sive De Amicitia Dialogus
      ...insignis virtus Scipionis...
      "...the extraordinary manliness of Scipio..."
  2. resultantly of (1), sense = clearly perceptible: apparent, conspicuous, discernible, marked, noticeable, obvious
    Synonyms: apparens, conspicuus, manifestus, obvius, discernibilis, notorius, conspectus, exhibitus, manifestatus, indicatus, significatus
    • Livy Ab Urbe Condita (History of Rome) 34
      ...uxores insignes auro et purpura...
      "...the wives conspicuous in gold and purple..."
    • Cicero Laelius sive De Amicitia Dialogus 102
      Mihi quidem Scipio, quamquam est subito ereptus, vivit tamen semperque vivet; virtutem enim amavi illius viri, quae exstincta non est; nec mihi soli versatur ante oculos, qui illam semper in manibus habui, sed etiam posteris erit clara et insignis.
      "Indeed, to me, Scipio, though he was suddenly snatched away, lives and will always live; the goodness of he that I loved, that is not dead; nor to me is he only moving before my eyes, he is always within my reach, but later will also be clear and discernible."
    • Vergil Georgics 3.56
      Nec mihi displiceat bos maculis insignis et albo...
      "Nor might a dull white bull marked with spots displease me..."
    • Horace Satires, Book 2, Satire 1, lines 41-6:
      ...o pater et rex/ Jupiter, ut pereat positum rubigine telum,/ Nec quisquam noceat cupido mihi pacis! at ille,/ Qui me commorit, (melius non tangere, clamo)/ Flebit, et insignis tota cantabitur Urbe.
      "...Oh, Father, Oh king/ Jupiter, (rather than that I should injure any man) may my spear be eaten away by rust,/ Nor may any man do harm to me who am so desirous of peace! But should he,/ He who shall be made to die with me (I declare that he had better not)/ He shall lament, he (his character defects or his lack of virtue) shall be made obvious, ridiculed (literally "sung about") by the entire city."
  3. resultantly of (1), sense = generally known and esteemed: celebrated, distinguished, famous, noted, renowned
    Synonyms: conspicuus, distinctus, famosus, secretus
    • Seneca the Younger De Beneficiis III, 4
      Utrum maius beneficium dedit M. Agrippae pater ne post Agrippam quidem notus, an patri dedit Agrippa navali corona insignis, unicum adeptus inter dona militaria decus...
      "Which was the greater benefit: what Marcus Agrippa received from his father, who was unknown even after having had a son like Agrippa, or what the father received from Agrippa, who, distinguished by a naval garland, obtained an honor uncommon among military presents..."
    • Tacitus, Annals Book VI, 29
      ...Mamercus Scaurus, insignis nobilitate et orandis causis, vita probrosus.
      "...Mamercus Scaurus, distinguished by birth and by his talent as an advocate, but in life a reprobate."
    • Ovid Metamorphoses
      Phoebus insignis crinibus...
      "Phoebus celebrated for his locks...","Phoebus noted for his locks...", or "Phoebus distinguished by his locks..."
  4. resultantly of (1), sense = generally known and despised: infamous, notorious
    Synonym: infamis
    • Tacitus, Annals Book XIII, 45
      Non minus insignis eo anno impudicitia magnorum rei publicae malorum initium fecit.
      "In that same year a profligacy no less infamous (or, "equally notorious") caused the beginning of tremendous iniquities to the republic."
  5. by extension of (3), sense = of an exalted social class or rank: aristocratic, "highborn", noble
    Synonyms: generosus, optimas, patricius
    • Tacitus, Annals Book XIII, 32
      Et Pomponia Graecina insignis femina...ac superstitionis externae rea, mariti iudicio permissa.
      "Pomponia Graecina, a noblewoman (alternately "a noble woman", "a highborn woman", "a woman of the aristocracy", "a woman of high family" or "a woman of noble rank")...yet arraigned for foreign superstition, was delivered to the jurisdiction of her husband."

DeclensionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative īnsignis īnsigne īnsignēs īnsignia
Genitive īnsignis īnsignis īnsignium īnsignium
Dative īnsignī īnsignī īnsignibus īnsignibus
Accusative īnsignem īnsigne īnsignēs, īnsignīs īnsignia
Ablative īnsignī īnsignī īnsignibus īnsignibus
Vocative īnsignis īnsigne īnsignēs īnsignia

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit