From Proto-Baltic *kaunas, from Proto-Indo-European *kau-no-s, from the stem *kaw- (“to humiliate”), which may be related to *kew- (“to bend, to bow”). Cognates include Lithuanian kūvė́ties (“to feel ashamed”), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐌽𐍃 (hauns, “low, depressed”), Old High German hōnida (“shame, dishonor”), German Hohn (“mocking”), Ancient Greek καυνός (kaunós, “bad, ugly”).
kauns m (1st declension)
- shame (moral feeling associated with discomfort felt as a consequence of some (offensive) act, action)
- pārņemt kauns ― to take, accept the shame
- raudāt aiz kauna ― to cry of shame
- nosarkt aiz kauna ― to blush from shame
- izjust dziļu kaunu ― to feel deep shame
- pārdzīvot lielu kaunu ― to experience great shame
- aiz kauna nezināt ko darīt ― to not know what to do from shame
- seja deg kaunā ― (his) face is burning in shame
- nu pašam man par sevi kauns ― I feel ashamed of myself
- shame (unpleasant feeling caused by a certain situation, or by (one's or someone else's) inappropriate action, behavior)
- kauns rādīt asaras ― ashamed (lit. shame) to shed tears
- kauns lūgt palīdzību ― ashamed (lit. shame) to ask for help
- kauns par netīro apģērbu ― ashamed (lit. shame) of (one's) dirty clothes
- kā tev nav kauna? ― aren't you ashamed (lit. how have you no shame)?
- vai tev nemaz nav kauna, Ines? ― have you no shame at all, Ines?
- kauns rādīties (kādam) acīs ― ashamed (lit. shame) to show oneself in front of (lit. in the eyes of) someone
- es saprotu, tev kauns, ka man ir bērns no cita; tev ir bail, ka cilvēki varbūt smiesies ― I understand, you are ashamed (lit. have shame) that I have a child from another (man); you are afraid that people will maybe laugh
- shame, disgrace, dishonor (condition in which one feels or causes shame)
- piedzīvot kaunu ― to experience shame
- uzskatīt kaunu ― to consider (something) a shame
- izdzīt ar kaunu ― to cast (someone) out in shame'
- kauna pilna rīcība ― shameful (lit. shame-filled) behavior
- (pa)darīt kaunu (kādam) ― to cause (someone) shame
- kauna stabs ― pillory (lit. shame post)
- kauna zīme ― sign of shame
- (usually genitive, used adjectivally) shameful, morally negative
- kauna darbs ― shameful work, mean act
- kauna lieta ― shameful matter, disgrace
- kauna traips ― blemish (lit. shameful spot)
- (used as an interjection) what a shame!
- kauns, staltais daugavieti! ― what a shame, (my) tall Daugavian!
- shame, shyness, timidity
- atmest kaunu ― to throw away, to abandon shame
- par to, ko aiz neziņas kādreiz vai kauna projām dzinām, par to, ko aiz pierastības neatzinām ― about that which we sometimes drive away because of ignorance or shame, about that which we because of habit do not acknowledge
- bezkaunīgs, bezkaunīgums, bezkaunība
- nekaunīgs, nekaunīgums, nekaunība
- kaunīgs, kaunīgums