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See also: kreiß

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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *sker-, *ker-, *kr̥- (to turn, to bend), changed to *krei- (whence also kreilis (left-hander)), with a suffix -so. The meaning evolved from “bent, crooked” to “not strong, clumsy, weaker, less good,” hence “left (hand),” as opposed to the “good,” “able” right hand. Cognates include Old Prussian crays (hay), craysi (stalk, straw) (presumably from “that which bends, rocks”).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

kreiss (definite kreisais, comparative kreisāks, superlative viskreisākais, adverb kreisi)

  1. (usually definite forms) left, left-side (located on the side of the human body that contains the heart)
    kreisā acs, roka, kājaleft eye, hand, foot
    kreisais plecsleft shoulder
  2. (usually definite forms) left, left-side (located on the side (of another living being or object) that is analogous to the human left side)
    suņa kreisā aussa dog's left ear
    lidmašīnas kreisais spārnsan airplane's left wing
    automobiļa priekšējais kreisais ritenisthe car's left rear wheel
    rakstāmgalda augšēja kreisā atvilknethe desk's top left drawer
    skatuves kreisā malathe stage's left side, edge
    upes kreisais krastsa river's left bank
    iet pa ietves kreiso pusito go, walk on the left side of the pavement
    iet uz kreiso pusigo to the left side
  3. (adverbial form, with pa) on, to the left
    ezers ir pa kreisithe lake is on the left
    nogriezties pa kreisito turn left
  4. (politics) left, left-wing (politically progressive, in favor of social change; revolutionary)
    parlamenta kreisās partijasthe left-wing parties of parliament
    kreisā frakcija, grupaleft-wing fraction, group
    kreisais virziensleft-wing current, tendency
    cik kreiss ir vidējais Latvijas iedzīvotājs?how (much) left-wing is the average inhabitant of Latvia?

Usage notesEdit

This adjective is generally used in its definite forms (kreisais, kreisā, etc.). The indefinite forms do occur as predicates after the verb būt (to be), especially in the political, “left-wing” sense (see examples above).

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (physical): labais (“right”)
  • (political): labējs (“right-wing”)

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kreiss”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7