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See also:
U+7537, 男
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7537

[U+7536]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7538]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田大尸 (WKS), four-corner 60427, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 759, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2529, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7537

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (field) +  (strength) – man providing the strength for agricultural labour.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lam5 - Chaozhou;
  • nam5 - Shantou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (159)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nʌm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nəm/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɒm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nəm/
    Li
    Rong
    /nᴀm/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɒm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /năm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nom ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[ə]m/
    English man, male

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9354
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. man; male
        ―  nánrén  ―  man
        ―  nánhái  ―  boy
    2. son
      /   ―  zhǎngnán  ―  eldest son
    3. baron, lowest of five ranks of Chinese aristocracy (五等爵位) under the Zhou dynasty
    4. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (gōng, “male (of animals)”)

    AntonymsEdit

    • (, “female”)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おとこ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /woto2ko1/: [wotəkʷo] → [wotoko] → [otoko]. Cognate with the verb wot- "to become young" with ko as a male suffix. See also 乙女 (otome), 息子 (musuko), (hiko).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana おとこ, rōmaji otoko, historical hiragana をとこ)

    1. man; male person.

    AntonymsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /wo/: [wo] → [o]. The male equivalent to me "female, woman".

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji o, historical hiragana )

    1. male
    2. a man
    3. a husband
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おのこ
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    /wo2ko1/: [wonəkʷo] → [wonoko] → onoko. From wo "male" + no2 (genitive) + ko1 "man, child".

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana おのこ, rōmaji onoko, historical hiragana をのこ)

    1. a boy

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    なん
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (nom).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana なん, rōmaji nan)

    1. man
    2. son

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 사내 (sanae nam))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    KunigamiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana いけが, romaji ikega)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いけが, romaji ikega)

    1. man

    Oki-No-ErabuEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

    1. man

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana ゐきが, romaji wikiga)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ゐきが, romaji wikiga)

    1. man

    Derived termsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nam, khương)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    YoronEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

    1. man