See also:
U+7537, 男
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7537

[U+7536]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7538]
U+329A, ㊚
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH MALE

[U+3299]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+329B]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Japan)
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 102, +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田大尸 (WKS), four-corner 60427, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 759, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2529, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7537

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (field) + (strength) – man providing the strength for agricultural and/or other kinds of (physical) labour on a field.

Etymology edit

Probably an area word. Compare Proto-Kiranti *nam (man), Proto-Monic *k()ɲoom (young child), Proto-Wa *h/ʔn[o]m (young man), Thai หนุ่ม (nùm, young man; young) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • lam5 - Chaozhou;
  • nam5 - Shantou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (159)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter nom
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nʌm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nəm/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɒm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nəm/
    Li
    Rong
    /nᴀm/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɒm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /năm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    naam4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nom ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[ə]m/
    English man, male

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9354
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːm/

    Definitions edit

    1. man; (only of human in Standard Chinese) male
        ―  nánrén  ―  man
        ―  nánhái  ―  boy
      Coordinate term:
    2. son
        ―  zhǎngnán  ―  eldest son
    3. baron, lowest of the five ranks of Chinese aristocracy (五等爵位) under the Zhou dynasty
    4. a surname

    Synonyms edit

    • (gōng, “male (of animals)”)

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (なん) (nan); (だん) (dan)
    • Korean: 남(男) (nam)
    • Vietnamese: nam ()

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. man
    2. son
    3. baron

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    おとこ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling
    (manga slang)

    ⟨woto2ko1 → */wotəkʷo//wotoko//otoko/

    From Old Japanese.

    Derived from おと (oto, young?, cognate with Old Japanese 復つ (wotu → otsu, to become young again)) +‎ (ko, child).

    Compare 少女 (otome, young woman).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (おとこ) (otokoをとこ (wotoko)?

    1. a male person
      Antonym: (onna)
    2. (specifically) a man, an adult male
      Antonym: (onna)
    3. , : (specifically) a manly man
    4. a male lover
      Synonyms: 愛人 (aijin), 情人 (jōjin, jōnin), 情夫 (jōfu)
    5. a manservant
      Synonym: 下男 (genan)
    6. a husband
      Synonym: (otto)
    7. (obsolete) an unmarried young man
    8. (colloquial) homosexuality
      Synonyms: 男色 (danshoku), 若道 (nyakudō)
    Derived terms edit
    Idioms edit
    Proverbs edit

    Proper noun edit

    (おとこ) (Otokoをとこ (wotoko)?

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /wo//o/

    From Old Japanese.

    Alternative forms edit

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    () (o (wo)?

    1. a man
      Antonym: (me)
      • 711–712, Kojiki, (poem 5):
        ...那許曾波(なこそは)()迩伊麻世婆(にいませば)... [Man'yōgana]
        ...()こそはにいませば... [Modern spelling]
        na koso wa o ni imaseba
        (please add an English translation of this example)
    2. a husband
      Synonym: (otto)
      Antonym: (me)
    3. a male
      Antonym: , , (me)
    4. something large, powerful, or otherwise masculine
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 3 edit

    Kanji in this term
    おのこ
    Grade: 1
    irregular

    Compound of (o, male, see above) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child).

    Alternative forms edit

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (おのこ) (onokoをのこ (wonoko)?

    1. a boy
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 4 edit

    Kanji in this term
    なん
    Grade: 1
    goon

    /nam//namʉ//naɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC nom).

    The goon reading, so likely initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (なん) (nan

    1. a man
      Synonym: 男性 (dansei)
    2. a son
      Synonyms: (segare), 息子 (musuko)
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 5 edit

    Kanji in this term
    だん
    Grade: 1
    kan’on

    /dam//damʉ//daɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC nom).

    The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    Noun edit

    (だん) (dan

    1. a man
    2. a son
    3. a young man, especially one who reached adulthood
      Synonyms: 壮丁 (sōtei), 若者 (wakamono)
    4. (historical) a baron
      Synonym: 男爵 (danshaku)

    Proper noun edit

    (だん) (Dan

    1. a male given name

    References edit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC nom). Recorded as Middle Korean (nam) (Yale: nam) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 사내 (sanae nam))

    1. Hanja form? of (man).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Kunigami edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke + *-ga (diminutive suffix).

    Noun edit

    (いけが) (ikhega

    1. man

    Etymology 2 edit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    Noun edit

    (うんが) (unga

    1. man

    Oki-No-Erabu edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Etymology edit

    Kanji in this term
    いぃんが
    Grade: 1
    Kanji in this term
    ゐんが
    Grade: 1

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    Noun edit

    (いぃんが) or (ゐんが) (yinga or inga

    1. man

    References edit

    Okinawan edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    ゐきが
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    Kanji in this term
    ゆきが
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke + *-ga (diminutive suffix).

    Noun edit

    (ゐきが) or (ゆきが) (wikiga or yukiga

    1. man
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term
    をぅとぅく
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Possibly from Japanese (otoko, man).

    Noun edit

    (うぅとぅく) (wutuku

    1. (literary) man

    References edit

    • ゐきが【男】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Việt readings: nam[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: nam[1][2]

    1. chữ Hán form of nam (man; male).

    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    Yonaguni edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Etymology edit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (びんが) (binga

    1. man

    Yoron edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Etymology edit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke + *-ga (diminutive suffix).

    Noun edit

    (をぅいが) (uiga

    1. man