See also:
U+7537, 男
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7537

[U+7536]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7538]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Japan)
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田大尸 (WKS), four-corner 60427, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 759, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2529, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7537

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (field) +  (strength) – man providing the strength for agricultural and/or other kinds of (physical) labour on a field.

EtymologyEdit

Probably an area word. Compare Proto-Kiranti *nam (man), Proto-Monic *k()ɲoom (young child), Proto-Wa **h/ʔn[o]m (young man), Thai หนุ่ม (nùm, young man; young) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lam5 - Chaozhou;
  • nam5 - Shantou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (159)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nʌm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nəm/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɒm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nəm/
    Li
    Rong
    /nᴀm/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɒm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /năm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nom ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[ə]m/
    English man, male

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9354
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. man; male
        ―  nánrén  ―  man
        ―  nánhái  ―  boy
    2. son
      /   ―  zhǎngnán  ―  eldest son
    3. baron, lowest of the five ranks of Chinese aristocracy (五等爵位) under the Zhou dynasty
    4. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (gōng, “male (of animals)”)

    AntonymsEdit

    • (, “female”)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (なん) (nan); (だん) (dan)
    • Korean: (, nam)
    • Vietnamese: nam ()

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. man
    2. son
    3. baron

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おとこ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨woto2ko1 → */wotəkʷo//wotoko//otoko/

    From Old Japanese.

    Derived from おと (oto, cognate with Old Japanese 復つ (wotu → otsu), “to become young) +‎ (ko, child).

    Compare 少女 (otome, young woman).

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (おとこ) (otoko (historical kana をとこ)

    1. a man
      Antonym: (onna)
    2. a male
      Synonym: (osu)
    3. a male lover
      Synonyms: 愛人 (aijin), 情人 (jōjin, jōnin), 情夫 (jōfu)
    4. a manservant
      Synonym: 下男 (genan)
    5. a husband
      Synonym: (otto)
    6. (obsolete) an unmarried young man
    7. (colloquial) homosexuality
      Synonyms: 男色 (danshoku), 若道 (nyakudō)
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit
    ProverbsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (おとこ) (Otoko (historical kana をとこ)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /wo//o/

    From Old Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    () (o (historical kana )

    1. a man
      • 711712, Kojiki (poem 5)
        ...那許曾波(なこそは)()迩伊麻世婆(にいませば)... [Man'yōgana]
        ...()こそはにいませば... [Modern spelling]
        na koso wa o ni imaseba
        (please add an English translation of this example)
      Antonym: (me)
    2. a husband
      Synonym: (otto)
      Antonym: (me)
    3. a male
      Antonym: , , (me)
    4. something large, powerful, or otherwise masculine
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おのこ
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    Compound of (o, male, see above) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child).

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (おのこ) (onoko (historical kana をのこ)

    1. a boy
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    なん
    Grade: 1
    goon

    /nam//namʉ//naɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC nʌm).

    The goon reading, so likely initial borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (なん) (nan

    1. a man
      Synonym: 男性 (dansei)
    2. a son
      Synonyms: (segare), 息子 (musuko)
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    だん
    Grade: 1
    kan’on

    /dam//damʉ//daɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC nʌm).

    The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    NounEdit

    (だん) (dan

    1. a man
    2. a son
    3. a young man, especially one who reached adulthood
      Synonyms: 壮丁 (sōtei), 若者 (wakamono)
    4. (historical) a baron
      Synonym: 男爵 (danshaku)

    Proper nounEdit

    (だん) (Dan

    1. a male given name

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 사내 (sanae nam))

    1. Hanja form? of (man).

    KunigamiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana いけが, romaji ikega, hiragana うんが, romaji unga)

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いけが, romaji ikega)

    1. man

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うんが, romaji unga)

    1. man

    Oki-No-ErabuEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

    1. man

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ゐきが
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    Kanji in this term
    ゆきが
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ゐきが, rōmaji wikiga, alternative reading ゆきが, rōmaji yukiga)

    1. man
    Derived termsEdit
    • 男しーじゃ (ゐきがしーじゃ, wikiga shīja, older brother)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    をぅとぅく
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Possibly from Japanese (otoko, man).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うぅとぅく, rōmaji wutuku)

    1. (literary) man

    ReferencesEdit

    • ゐきが【男】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
    • ヰキガ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.
    • ヲゥトゥク” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: nam[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: nam[1][2]

    1. Hán tự form of nam (man; male).

    ReferencesEdit


    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana びんが, romaji binga)

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana びんが, romaji binga)

    1. man

    YoronEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

    1. man