Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Japanese stroke order

Alternative formsEdit

  • (田 is left of 力 rather than on top of)

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(field) +  ‎(strength) – man providing the strength for agricultural labour.

Han characterEdit

(radical 102 +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田大尸 (WKS), four-corner 60427, composition)

AntonymsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 759, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2529, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7537

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəm/
Li
Rong
/nᴀm/
Wang
Li
/nɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/năm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nán
Middle
Chinese
‹ nom ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤ[ə]m/
English man, male

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9354
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nuːm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) man, male
      ―  nánrén  ―  man
      ―  nánhái  ―  boy
  2. son
    /   ―  zhǎngnán  ―  eldest son
    /   ―  nánr  ―  son
  3. baron, lowest of five ranks of Chinese aristocracy (五等爵位 (Wǔděngjuéwèi)) under the Zhou dynasty
      ―  nánjué  ―  baron

SynonymsEdit

  • (male (for animals)): (gōng)

AntonymsEdit

  • (woman, female): ()

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
おとこ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/woto2ko1/: [wotwoko] → [wotoko] → [otoko]. Cognate with the verb wot- "to become young" with ko as a male suffix. Contrasts with otome, the female version.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おとこ, romaji otoko, historical hiragana をとこ)

  1. man; male person.

AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/wo/: [wo] → [o]. The male equivalent to me "female, woman".

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. male
  2. a man
  3. a husband
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
おのこ
Grade: 1
Irregular

/wo2ko1/: [wonwoko] → [wonoko] → onoko. From wo "male" + no2 (genitive) + ko1 "man, child".

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おのこ, romaji onoko, historical hiragana をのこ)

  1. a boy

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
なん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(nom).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana なん, romaji nan)

  1. man
  2. son

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(nam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: nam, Yale: nam)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nam, khương)

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