LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *mikskō (to mix), from Proto-Indo-European *miḱ-sḱé-, inchoative present of *meyǵ-, *meyḱ- (to mix). The second conjugation of this verb is unexplained. Cognate with Old High German miskian, miskan (to mix) (German mischen), Welsh mysgu (to mix), Ancient Greek μίγνυμι (mígnumi, to mix), Old Church Slavonic мѣсити (měsiti, to mix), Lithuanian mišti and maišyti (to mix), Sanskrit मिश्र (miśra, mixed), Persian آمیختن(āmixtan, mix); Old English māsc (mixture, mash). More at mash.[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

misceō (present infinitive miscēre, perfect active miscuī, supine mixtum or mistum); second conjugation

  1. I mix
    Synonym: confundo
  2. I mingle, intermingle
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Proverbs.14.13:
      Rīsus dolōre miscēbitur, et extrēma gaudiī lūctus occupat
      Laughter shall be mingled with sorrow, and mourning taketh hold of the end of joy.
      (Douay-Rheims trans., Challoner rev.: 1752 CE)
  3. (poetic) I confuse

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of misceō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present misceō miscēs miscet miscēmus miscētis miscent
imperfect miscēbam miscēbās miscēbat miscēbāmus miscēbātis miscēbant
future miscēbō miscēbis miscēbit miscēbimus miscēbitis miscēbunt
perfect miscuī miscuistī miscuit miscuimus miscuistis miscuērunt,
miscuēre
pluperfect miscueram miscuerās miscuerat miscuerāmus miscuerātis miscuerant
future perfect miscuerō miscueris miscuerit miscuerimus miscueritis miscuerint
passive present misceor miscēris,
miscēre
miscētur miscēmur miscēminī miscentur
imperfect miscēbar miscēbāris,
miscēbāre
miscēbātur miscēbāmur miscēbāminī miscēbantur
future miscēbor miscēberis,
miscēbere
miscēbitur miscēbimur miscēbiminī miscēbuntur
perfect mixtus or mistus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect mixtus or mistus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect mixtus or mistus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present misceam misceās misceat misceāmus misceātis misceant
imperfect miscērem miscērēs miscēret miscērēmus miscērētis miscērent
perfect miscuerim miscuerīs miscuerit miscuerīmus miscuerītis miscuerint
pluperfect miscuissem miscuissēs miscuisset miscuissēmus miscuissētis miscuissent
passive present miscear misceāris,
misceāre
misceātur misceāmur misceāminī misceantur
imperfect miscērer miscērēris,
miscērēre
miscērētur miscērēmur miscērēminī miscērentur
perfect mixtus or mistus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect mixtus or mistus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present miscē miscēte
future miscētō miscētō miscētōte miscentō
passive present miscēre miscēminī
future miscētor miscētor miscentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives miscēre miscuisse mixtūrum esse,
mistūrum esse
miscērī,
miscērier1
mixtum esse,
mistum esse
mixtum īrī,
mistum īrī
participles miscēns mixtūrus,
mistūrus
mixtus,
mistus
miscendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
miscendī miscendō miscendum miscendō mixtum,
mistum
mixtū,
mistū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Aromanian: mescu, meashtiri
  • Galician: mexer
  • Italian: mescere
  • Portuguese: mexer

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “misceō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 382-383