See also: nākts

Contents

LatgalianEdit

NounEdit

nakts f

  1. night

LatvianEdit

 
Nakts

EtymologyEdit

From an earlier *naktis, from Proto-Baltic *naktis, from Proto-Indo-European *nokʷti-(night), perhaps from a stem *nekʷ with an extra suffix t or ti. Cognates include Lithuanian naktìs, Old Prussian naktin (accusative), Sudovian nakt, Old Church Slavonic нощь(noštĭ), Russian ночь(nočʹ), Belarusian ноч(noč), Ukrainian ніч(nič), Bulgarian нощ(nošt), Czech, Polish noc, Proto-Germanic *nahts (Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌷𐍄𐍃(nahts), Old High German naht, Old English niht, German Nacht, English night, Old Norse nátt, Swedish natt), Hittite nekut-(evening), Sanskrit नक्त(naktam) (accusative), Ancient Greek νύξ(núx), genitive νυκτός(nuktós), Latin nox, genitive noctis.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

nakts f (6th declension)

  1. night (time period from sunset to sunrise, from evening to morning)
    vēla nakts‎ ― late night
    dziļa nakts‎ ― deep night
    gara, īsa nakts‎ ― long, short night
    pavadīt nakti teltī‎ ― to spend the night in a tent
    zvaigžņota nakts‎ ― starry night
    nakts debesis‎ ― night sky
    nakts mākoņi‎ ― night clouds
    nakts tumsa‎ ― night darkness
    tumšs kā naktī‎ ― dark like at night
    melns kā nakts‎ ― black like the night (= very black; gloomy)
    uz nakti, uz naktsguļu‎ ― overnight
    nakts no sestdienas uz svētdienu‎ ― night from Saturday to Sunday
    mūžīga nakts‎ ― eternal night (= death)
    strādāt dienām un naktīm, dienu un nakti‎ ― to work day and night
    vakara sārtums pamazām nodziest... nu jau ir pilnīga nakts‎ ― the evening redness gradually disappears... now it is full night
    nakts klusumā skarbi iečīkstējās durvis‎ ― in the silence of the night the door creaked harshly
  2. night (the same time period, in relation to a certain event or holiday)
    jaungada nakts‎ ― New Year's Eve (lit. night)
    līgo, Jāņu nakts‎ ― Midsummer night
    kažu nakts‎ ― wedding night
    pirmā nakts‎ ― wedding night (lit. first night, when the marriage is consummated)
  3. (in the accusative) at night (during that time period)
    dzirnavās nakti bija dzīres: velni dejoja ar raganām‎ ― at the mill, durning the night, there was a feast: devils danced with witches
  4. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) night, nocturnal}} (typical of, happening during, active during, this time period)
    nakts vilciens‎ ― night train
    nakts dežūra‎ ― night hours
    nakts maiņa, naktsmaiņa‎ ― night shift
    nakts redzamība‎ ― night, noctural visibility
    nakts dzīvnieki, kukaiņi‎ ― nocturnal animals, insects
    nakts puķes‎ ― night flowers
    nakts pastaiga‎ ― night walk
    nakts miers‎ ― night quiet, peace
    nakts miegs‎ ― night sleep
    nakts salna‎ ― night frost
    nakts lampa, naktslampa‎ ― night lamp
    vagonā jau ieslēgts nakts apgaismojums‎ ― the night lights are already on in the rail car
  5. (figuratively) night (time period during which negative circumstances prevail)
    fašisma nakts‎ ― the night of fascism
  6. night, dark (the darkness typical of this time period)
    muguru pagriezusi, viņa stāvēja pie loga un skatījās nakti‎ ― turning around, she stood by the window and looked at the night

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “nakts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7