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GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

nieder- +‎ schlagen

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈniːdəʁˌʃlaːɡən/, [ˈniːdɐˌʃlaːɡŋ]
  • Hyphenation: nie‧der‧schla‧gen

VerbEdit

niederschlagen (class 6 strong, third-person singular simple present schlägt nieder, past tense schlug nieder, past participle niedergeschlagen, past subjunctive schlüge nieder, auxiliary haben)

  1. to defeat (an enemy)
  2. to quell (a rebellion)
  3. to strike (someone) down, to beat (someone) down; to force someone downwards
    einen Mann niederschlagento beat a man to the ground
  4. to cast down (one's eyes), to look down

Usage notesEdit

The verb is at the heart of the humorous saying, supposedly a monastic rule, "Wenn deine Augen eine Frau erblicken, schlage sie nieder" — which means either "if your eyes behold a woman, cast them downwards" (look away) or "if your eyes behold a woman, force her down" (punitively or sexually).

ConjugationEdit

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