CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

penca

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of pencar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of pencar

GalicianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Probably onomatopoeic. Compare Spanish peca.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

penca m (plural pencas)

  1. freckle
    Synonym: marxa

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown. Related to Spanish penca.[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

penca m (plural pencas)

  1. cabbage stalk
    Synonym: couceiro

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. Probably related to Spanish penca (leaf's vein, stalk).

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: pen‧ca

NounEdit

penca f (plural pencas)

  1. (botany) white cabbage
  2. a bunch (of flowers or fruits)
    • 1867, Franklin Távora, chapter 11, in O Cabeleira:
      Vinho ou cachaça? perguntou o velho, apontando, de volta, na porta, com uma penca de bananas que lhe vinham caindo das mãos de maduras.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. (slang) a bunch (a considerable amount of something)
  4. (slang) hooter; schnozzle (especially large nose)
    • 1913, Coelho Neto, chapter XXVII, in A Conquista:
      Vou ver. E, com desabalados gestos, Montezuma partiu, falando só, com dois pince-nez escarranchados na penca.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from hoja pendenca, from hoja (leaf) + a derivative of Latin pedis (foot), referring to the leaf growing from the foot of the plant. Also compare Italian pinco (penis).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpenka/, [ˈpẽŋka]

AdjectiveEdit

penca (plural pencas)

  1. (Chile, slang) bad, lame, uncool
    Synonym: malo
  2. Feminine singular of adjective penco.

NounEdit

penca f (plural pencas)

  1. (botany) main rib or vein of a leaf
  2. fleshy stalk, leafstalk or leaf of certain plats e.g. celery leafstalks or nopal leaves
  3. (Chile) penis
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:pene
  4. (Chile) radish (large oblong variety)
    Synonym: rábano
  5. agave
    Synonyms: agave, magüey, pita
  6. (Costa Rica) drunkenness
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:borrachera

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN