From Middle English rib, ribbe, from Old English ribb (“rib”), from Proto-Germanic *ribją (“rib, reef”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rebʰ- (“arch, ceiling, cover”). Cognate with Dutch rib (“rib”), Norwegian ribbe (“sparerib”), Norwegian ribben (“rib”), Low German ribbe (“rib”), German Rippe (“rib”), Old Norse rif (“rib, reef”), Serbo-Croatian rèbro (“rib”).
rib (plural ribs)
- Any of a series of long curved bones occurring in 12 pairs in humans and other animals and extending from the spine to or toward the sternum
- 1882, Thomas Hardy, chapter I, in Two on a Tower. A Romance. [...] In Three Volumes, volume I, London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, […], OCLC 654408264, page 1:
- On an early winter afternoon, clear but not cold, when the vegetable world was a weird multitude of skeletons through whose ribs the sun shone freely, a gleaming landau came to a pause on the crest of a hill in Wessex.
- A part or piece, similar to a rib, and serving to shape or support something
- A cut of meat enclosing one or more rib bones
- (nautical) Any of several curved members attached to a ship's keel and extending upward and outward to form the framework of the hull
- Any of several transverse pieces that provide an aircraft wing with shape and strength
- (architecture) A long, narrow, usually arched member projecting from the surface of a structure, especially such a member separating the webs of a vault
- (knitting) A raised ridge in knitted material or in cloth
- (botany) The main, or any of the prominent veins of a leaf
- A teasing joke
- (Ireland, colloquial) A single strand of hair.
- A stalk of celery.
- (archaic, literary, humorous) A wife or woman.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- To shape, support, or provide something with a rib or ribs.
- To tease or make fun of someone in a good-natured way.
- He always gets ribbed for his outrageous shirts.
- To enclose, as if with ribs, and protect; to shut in.
- c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene vii]:
- It [lead] were too gross / To rib her cerecloth in the obscure grave.
- (transitive) To leave strips of undisturbed ground between the furrows in ploughing (land).
rib (plural ribs)
- (botany) Hound's-tongue (Cynoglossum officinale).
- (botany) Costmary (Tanacetum balsamita).
- (botany) Watercress (Nasturtium officinale).
- Je kunt haar ribben tellen. ― You can count her ribs.
- Dat is een rib uit mijn lijf. ― That's a rib from my body.
- a truss (wooden frame)
- Afrikaans: rib
rib (old orthography rib)