Danish edit

Noun edit

rudens c

  1. definite genitive singular of rude

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Uncertain;[1] proposed derivations include:

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rū̆dēns m (genitive rū̆dentis); third declension

  1. rope, line, cord, cable
  2. halyard, stay, sheet
  3. (in the plural) rigging, cordage
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.87:
      Īnsequitur clāmorque virum strīdorque rudentum.
      Next came both the shout[s] of men and the shriek[s] of cordage.
      (The storm at sea engulfs the Trojan fleet. Note: Read “virorum” for “virum.”)

Usage notes edit

The root vowel is long in Plautus, but occurs as short exclusively at verse-end since Lucilius, Catullus, Vergil.

Declension edit

Note that rū̆dentium is an alternative form for the Gen. Pl. and rū̆dentī for the Abl. Sg.

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rū̆dēns rū̆dentēs
Genitive rū̆dentis rū̆dentum
Dative rū̆dentī rū̆dentibus
Accusative rū̆dentem rū̆dentēs
Ablative rū̆dente rū̆dentibus
Vocative rū̆dēns rū̆dentēs

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit

  • Italian: rudente

References edit

  • rudens”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rudens”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rudens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • rudens”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rudens”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Walde, Alois, Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1954) “rudens”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), 3rd edition, volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 446

Latvian edit

 rudens on Latvian Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From the same stem as the adjective ruds (reddish brown) (q.v.), apparently because of the color of leaves in autumn. An older term for “autumn”, cognate with Old Prussian assanis and Russian о́сень (ósenʹ), has been lost, possibly in part due to homonymy with asinis (blood). Cognates include Lithuanian ruduõ.[1]

Noun edit

rudens m (2nd declension, irregular nominative, genitive)

  1. autumn (season of the year between summer and winter, from September 23 to December 23 in the Northern Hemisphere, characterized by lower temperatures and by the falling of leaves)
    vēls rudenslate autumn
    rudens diena, naktsautumn day, night
    vasara iet pret rudenisummer is going toward autumn
    jūtams rudens tuvumsone can feel the coming of autumn
    zelta rudensgoldemn autumn (dry and sunny autumn, with tree leaves showing many shades of color)
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) autumn, typical of autumn, used in autumn
    rudens āboliautumn apples
    rudens ražaautumn harvest
    rudens sēja, aršanaautumn sowing, plowing
    rudens salnasautumn frosts
    rudens tirgusautumn market
    rudens mētelisautumn coat
    ārā vēl arvienu līst sīkais, vienmuļīgais rudens lietusoutside a small, dreary autumn rain is still falling
  3. (figuratively) autumn (final phase, usually followed by the end)
    lai tāda brīža nav, kas skumjās jānožēlo, kad... dzīves rudens kvēloslet there be no moment in which one regrets in sadness, when life's autumn is ablaze

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

(seasons) četri gadalaiki; pavasaris, vasara, rudens, ziema (Category: lv:Seasons)

References edit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “rudens”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lithuanian edit

Noun edit

rudens m

  1. genitive singular of ruduo