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See also: Ruma, rúma, rūma, and rũma

Contents

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ruma (comparative rumempi, superlative rumin)

  1. ugly (displeasing to the eye or ear)
  2. ugly, dirty (offensive to one's sensibilities or morality)
    Hän teki meille ruman tempun.
    He played a dirty trick on us.
  3. dirty (of a word or language in general: something considered vulgar)
    ruma sana
    dirty word

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of ruma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative ruma rumat
genitive ruman rumien
partitive rumaa rumia
illative rumaan rumiin
singular plural
nominative ruma rumat
accusative nom. ruma rumat
gen. ruman
genitive ruman rumien
rumainrare
partitive rumaa rumia
inessive rumassa rumissa
elative rumasta rumista
illative rumaan rumiin
adessive rumalla rumilla
ablative rumalta rumilta
allative rumalle rumille
essive rumana rumina
translative rumaksi rumiksi
instructive rumin
abessive rumatta rumitta
comitative rumine

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

rūma

  1. Romanization of 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐌰

Hiri MotuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Oceanic [Term?], from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ʀumaq, from Proto-Austronesian *ʀumaq.

NounEdit

ruma

  1. house (abode)

KikuyuEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ruma (infinitive kũruma)

  1. to curse, to abuse

Derived termsEdit

(Proverbs)

Related termsEdit

(Nouns)

ReferencesEdit

  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 363. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Possibly from Etruscan [Term?].

NounEdit

rūma f (genitive rūmae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) udder

InflectionEdit

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rūma rūmae
genitive rūmae rūmārum
dative rūmae rūmīs
accusative rūmam rūmās
ablative rūmā rūmīs
vocative rūma rūmae

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

The same of rūmen.

NounEdit

rūma f (genitive rūmae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) rumen
  2. stomach, belly

InflectionEdit

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rūma rūmae
genitive rūmae rūmārum
dative rūmae rūmīs
accusative rūmam rūmās
ablative rūmā rūmīs
vocative rūma rūmae

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ruma

  1. inflection of rum:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative and accusative dual

MuduapaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Oceanic [Term?], from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ʀumaq, from Proto-Austronesian *ʀumaq.

NounEdit

ruma

  1. house (abode)

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

ruma

  1. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present indicative of rumar
  2. Second-person singular (tu) affirmative imperative of rumar

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to Finnish ruma.

AdjectiveEdit

ruma

  1. ugly
  2. coarse, rough

InflectionEdit

Inflection of ruma
nominative sing. ruma
genitive sing. ruman
partitive sing. rumad
partitive plur. rumid
singular plural
nominative ruma rumad
accusative ruman rumad
genitive ruman rumiden
partitive rumad rumid
essive-instructive ruman rumin
translative rumaks rumikš
inessive rumas rumiš
elative rumaspäi rumišpäi
illative ? rumihe
adessive rumal rumil
ablative rumalpäi rumilpäi
allative rumale rumile
abessive rumata rumita
comitative rumanke rumidenke
prolative rumadme rumidme
approximative I rumanno rumidenno
approximative II rumannoks rumidennoks
egressive rumannopäi rumidennopäi
terminative I ? rumihesai
terminative II rumalesai rumilesai
terminative III rumassai
additive I ? rumihepäi
additive II rumalepäi rumilepäi

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “грубый, некрасивый”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika