stomach

EnglishEdit

 
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Stomach (with mucosal surface partly exposed)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English stomak, from Old French estomac, from Latin stomachus, from Ancient Greek στόμαχος (stómakhos), from στόμα (stóma, mouth).

Displaced native Middle English bouk, buc (belly, stomach) from Old English būc (belly, stomach); largely displaced Middle English mawe, maghe, maȝe (stomach, maw) from Old English maga (stomach, maw). More at bucket and maw.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstʌmək/
  • (file)

NounEdit

stomach (countable and uncountable, plural stomachs)

  1. An organ in animals that stores food in the process of digestion.
  2. (informal) The belly.
    Synonyms: belly, abdomen, tummy, (obsolete) bouk, gut, guts, (archaic) maw
  3. (uncountable, obsolete) Pride, haughtiness.
  4. (obsolete) Appetite.
    a good stomach for roast beef
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, The Comedy of Errors, I. ii. 50:
      You come not home because you have no stomach. / You have no stomach, having broke your fast.
    • 1595, George Peele, The Old Wives’ Tale, The Malone Society Reprints, 1908, lines 920-922,[1]
      HOST. How say you sir, doo you please to sit downe?
      EUMENIDES. Hostes I thanke you, I haue no great stomack.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , II.ii.1.2:
      If after seven hours' tarrying he shall have no stomach, let him defer his meal, or eat very little at his ordinary time of repast.
  5. (figuratively) Desire, appetite (for something abstract).
    I have no stomach for a fight today.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Henry the Fift”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii], page 86, column 2:
      That he which hath no ſtomack to this fight, / Let him depart, his Paſport ſhall be made,
    • 2020 May 4, Lauren Morris, quoting Charlie Brooker, “Charlie Brooker gives Black Mirror season 6 update”, in Radio Times[2]:
      At the moment, I don’t know what stomach there would be for stories about societies falling apart, so I’m not working away on one of those.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

stomach (third-person singular simple present stomachs, present participle stomaching, simple past and past participle stomached)

  1. (transitive) To tolerate (something), emotionally, physically, or mentally; to stand or handle something.
    I really can’t stomach jobs involving that much paperwork, but some people seem to tolerate them.
    I can't stomach her cooking.
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To be angry.
    • 1594–1597, Richard Hooker, J[ohn] S[penser], editor, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie, [], London: [] Will[iam] Stansby [for Matthew Lownes], published 1611, OCLC 931154958, (please specify the page):
      Let a man, though never so justly, oppose himself unto them that are disordered in their ways; and what one amongst them commonly doth not stomach at such contradiction, storm at reproof, and hate such as would reform them?
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To resent; to remember with anger; to dislike.
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To turn the stomach of; to sicken or repel.

SynonymsEdit

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TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

stomach

  1. Alternative form of stomak