See also: Rum, rúm, rùm, Rùm, rüm, and rum.

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɹʌm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌm

Etymology 1Edit

In common use since by at least 1654,[1] of uncertain origin. Theories include:

  • that it derives from rum (fine, good), or from the last syllable of Latin saccharum (given the harsh taste of earlier rum, the first theory is now considered unlikely),[2]
  • that it is a shortening of rumbullion[3] or rumbustion,[4] or
  • that it is from a Romani word for "strong, potent" which is (perhaps) the source of ramboozle and rumfustian (but these drinks were not originally made with rum)
  • that it derives from rummer, from Dutch [Term?][5]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

rum (countable and uncountable, plural rums)

  1. (uncountable) A distilled spirit derived from fermented cane sugar and molasses.
    The Royal Navy used to issue a rum ration to sailors.
  2. (countable) A serving of rum.
    Jake tossed down three rums.
  3. (countable) A kind or brand of rum.
    Bundaberg is one of my favourite rums.
  4. (obsolete, slang) A queer or odd person or thing.
  5. (obsolete, slang) A country parson.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Tok Pisin: ram
  • Asturian: ron
  • Belarusian: ром (rom)
  • Burmese: ရမ် (ram)
  • Catalan: rom
  • Chinese: 萊姆 (láimǔ)
  • Dutch: rum
  • French: rhum
  • Gamilaraay: yurraamu
  • German: Rum
    • Czech: rum
    • Hungarian: rum
  • Irish: rum
  • Italian: rhum, rum
  • Japanese: ラム (ramu)
  • Korean: (reom)
  • Maori: rama
  • Mongolian: ром (rom)
  • Norwegian Bokmål: rom
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: rom
  • Polish: rum
  • Romanian: rom (via French and German)
  • Russian: ром (rom), ромъ (rom)
  • Spanish: romo; ron
  • Telugu: రమ్ము (rammu)
  • Thai: รัม (ram)
  • Ukrainian: ром (rom)
  • Zulu: ulwamu
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the earlier form rome, slang for "good"; possibly of Romani origin; compare rom.

AdjectiveEdit

rum (comparative rummer, superlative rummest)

  1. (obsolete) Fine, excellent, valuable. [16th c.]
    having a rum time
  2. (Britain, colloquial, dated) Strange, peculiar. [18th c.]
    a rum idea; a rum fellow
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

rum (plural rums)

  1. (Britain, colloquial, dated) Any odd person or thing.

Etymology 3Edit

Shortening of rummy.

NounEdit

rum

  1. (rare) The card game rummy.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ In that year, Connecticut ordered confiscation of "whatsoever Barbados liquors, commonly called rum, kill devil and the like". See Charles A. Coulombe, Rum (2005, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Wayne Curtis, And a Bottle of Rum (2006, Random House, →ISBN, pages 34–35.
  3. ^ rum”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
  4. ^ rum” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  5. ^ Anthony Dias Blue, The Complete Book of Spirits : A Guide to Their History, Production, and Enjoyment (2004, HarperCollins, →ISBN

AnagramsEdit


ChuukeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English room.

NounEdit

rum

  1. room

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from German Rum, from English rum, originally rumbullion.[1]

NounEdit

rum m

  1. rum
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from German Rummel (bustle).[2]

NounEdit

rum m

  1. rubble
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "rum²" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. ^ "rum¹" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Further readingEdit

  • rum in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • rum in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse rúm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą (room, open space), cognate with English room, German Raum, Dutch ruim, Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌼 (rum).

NounEdit

rum n (singular definite rummet, plural indefinite rum)

  1. room (part of a building)
  2. compartment
  3. (chiefly definite) space (the universe except Earth and its atmosphere)
    De fravalgte at udforske rummet.
    They chose not to explore space.
    rumfarttøj (space vehicle), rumrejse (space travel)
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse rúmr, from Proto-Germanic *rūmaz (roomy, spacious, open), cognate with English room (archaic), German raum (archaic), Dutch ruim, Chong 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐍃. Related to the noun.

AdjectiveEdit

rum (neuter rumt, plural and definite singular attributive rumme)

  1. (archaic) wide, spacious
    in the modern language only in the expressions i rum sø (in open sea) and rum tid (long time)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of rum
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular rum rummere rummest2
Neuter singular rumt rummere rummest2
Plural rumme rummere rummest2
Definite attributive1 rumme rummere rummeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

rum

  1. imperative of rumme

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum m (uncountable)

  1. rum (alcoholic beverage)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Fiji HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English room.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum

  1. room

ReferencesEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From dialectal German (e)rum, reduced form of herum and in some dialects darum.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

rum

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of herum (around)

Usage notesEdit

  • While most or all instances of standard herum can be replaced with rum in the vernacular, compounds that are inherently colloquial will typically sound odd when herum is used in them. These will appear in writing with rum or not at all.

Derived termsEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

rum

  1. Romanization of 𐍂𐌿𐌼

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Rum.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈrum]
  • Hyphenation: rum
  • Rhymes: -um

NounEdit

rum (plural rumok)

  1. rum (a distilled spirit)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rum rumok
accusative rumot rumokat
dative rumnak rumoknak
instrumental rummal rumokkal
causal-final rumért rumokért
translative rummá rumokká
terminative rumig rumokig
essive-formal rumként rumokként
essive-modal
inessive rumban rumokban
superessive rumon rumokon
adessive rumnál rumoknál
illative rumba rumokba
sublative rumra rumokra
allative rumhoz rumokhoz
elative rumból rumokból
delative rumról rumokról
ablative rumtól rumoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rumé rumoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ruméi rumokéi
Possessive forms of rum
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rumom rumjaim
2nd person sing. rumod rumjaid
3rd person sing. rumja rumjai
1st person plural rumunk rumjaink
2nd person plural rumotok rumjaitok
3rd person plural rumjuk rumjaik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ rum in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further readingEdit

  • rum in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rum.

NounEdit

rum m (genitive singular rum, nominative plural rumanna)

  1. rum

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rum.

NounEdit

rum m (invariable)

  1. rum (distilled spirit)

Derived termsEdit


KashubianEdit

NounEdit

rum m

  1. space

Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Low German Ruum, from Old Saxon rūm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum m (diminutive rumk)

  1. room, space

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-West Germanic *rūm. Cognate with Old Saxon rūm, Dutch ruim, Old High German rūm, Old Norse rúmr, Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐍃 (rums).

AdjectiveEdit

rūm

  1. spacious, roomy
  2. long, extended (of time)
  3. liberal, extensive, ample, abundant, bountiful, expansive, generous
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *rūmą.

NounEdit

rūm n or m

  1. room, space
  2. a space of time, an interval
  3. opportunity
DeclensionEdit
Neuter
Masculine
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German herum.

AdverbEdit

rum

  1. around

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
rum

EtymologyEdit

From English rum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum m inan

  1. rum (distilled spirit)
  2. rum (serving)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • rum in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum m (plural runs)

  1. rum

RomanianEdit

NounEdit

rum n (plural rumuri)

  1. Alternative form of rom

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse rúm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą, from Proto-Indo-European *rowǝ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum n

  1. room; part of a building.
    Jag vill ha en lägenhet med två rum
    I want a flat with two rooms
  2. room; empty, available space; enough space
    Har du rum i din väska så att du kan lägga ner min bok också?
    Do you have enough space in your bag so that you could put my book too in it?
  3. (mathematics) space
    Linjärt rum
    Linear space

DeclensionEdit

Declension of rum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rum rummet rum rummen
Genitive rums rummets rums rummens

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English room.

NounEdit

rum

  1. room

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum

  1. safflower