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See also: Rum, rúm, rùm, Rùm, rüm, rum-, and rum.

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

In common use since by at least 1654,[1] of uncertain origin. Theories include:

  • that it derives from rum (fine, good), or from the last syllable of Latin saccharum (given the harsh taste of earlier rum, the first theory is now considered unlikely),[2]
  • that it is a shortening of rumbullion[3] or rumbustion,[4] or
  • that it is from a Romani word for "strong, potent" which is (perhaps) the source of ramboozle and rumfustian (but these drinks were not originally made with rum)
  • that it derives from rummer, from Dutch[5]

NounEdit

rum (countable and uncountable, plural rums)

  1. (uncountable) A distilled spirit derived from fermented cane sugar and molasses.
    The Royal Navy used to issue a rum ration to sailors.
  2. (countable) A serving of rum.
    Jake tossed down three rums.
  3. (countable) A kind or brand of rum.
    Bundaberg is one of my favourite rums.
  4. (obsolete, slang) A queer or odd person or thing.
  5. (obsolete, slang) A country parson.
    • Jonathan Swift
      No company comes / But a rabble of tenants, and rusty dull rums.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the earlier form rome, slang for good; possibly of Romani origin; compare rom.

AdjectiveEdit

rum (comparative rummer, superlative rummest)

  1. (obsolete) Fine, excellent, valuable. [16th c.]
    having a rum time
  2. (Britain, colloquial, dated) Strange, peculiar. [18th c.]
    a rum idea; a rum fellow
    "Lor, Noah!" said Charlotte, "What a rum creature you are! Why don't you let the boy alone?" - Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist
    • 1951, C. S. Lewis, Prince Caspian, Google Books
      "Can't you see him?"
      "Well, I almost thought I did—for a moment. It's such a rum light."
    • 1976, James Herriot, All Things Wise and Wonderful, page 346
      "She's as 'appy as Larry, but she'll neither move nor eat. It's a rum 'un, isn't it?" It was very rum indeed.
SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Shortening of rummy.

NounEdit

rum

  1. (rare) The card game rummy.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ In that year, Connecticut ordered confiscation of "whatsoever Barbados liquors, commonly called rum, kill devil and the like". See Charles A. Coulombe, Rum (2005, ISBN 0806525835.
  2. ^ Wayne Curtis, And a Bottle of Rum (2006, Random House, ISBN 978-0-307-33862-4, pages 34–35.
  3. ^ rum” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
  4. ^ rum” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–.
  5. ^ Anthony Dias Blue, The Complete Book of Spirits : A Guide to Their History, Production, and Enjoyment (2004, HarperCollins, ISBN 0-06-054218-7

AnagramsEdit


ChuukeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English room.

NounEdit

rum

  1. room

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from German Rum, from English rum, originally rumbullion.[1]

NounEdit

rum m

  1. rum
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from German Rummel (bustle).[2]

NounEdit

rum m

  1. rubble
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ rum² in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. ^ rum¹ in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse rúmr, from Proto-Germanic *rūmaz (roomy, spacious, open).

AdjectiveEdit

rum

  1. wide, spacious
Usage notesEdit

Only used in the expressions:

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse rúm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą (room, open space).

NounEdit

rum n (singular definite rummet, plural indefinite rum)

  1. room (part of a building)
  2. compartment
  3. (chiefly definite) space (everything but Earth and its atmosphere)
    De fravalgte at udforske rummet.
    They chose not to explore space.
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See rumme (to contain, hold).

VerbEdit

rum

  1. imperative of rumme

Fiji HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English room.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum

  1. room

ReferencesEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Rum.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈrum]
  • Hyphenation: rum

NounEdit

rum (plural rumok)

  1. rum (a distilled spirit)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rum rumok
accusative rumot rumokat
dative rumnak rumoknak
instrumental rummal rumokkal
causal-final rumért rumokért
translative rummá rumokká
terminative rumig rumokig
essive-formal rumként rumokként
essive-modal
inessive rumban rumokban
superessive rumon rumokon
adessive rumnál rumoknál
illative rumba rumokba
sublative rumra rumokra
allative rumhoz rumokhoz
elative rumból rumokból
delative rumról rumokról
ablative rumtól rumoktól
Possessive forms of rum
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rumom rumjaim
2nd person sing. rumod rumjaid
3rd person sing. rumja rumjai
1st person plural rumunk rumjaink
2nd person plural rumotok rumjaitok
3rd person plural rumjuk rumjaik

Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

ReferencesEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rum.

NounEdit

rum m (genitive singular rum, nominative plural rumanna)

  1. rum

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rum.

NounEdit

rum m (invariable)

  1. rum (distilled spirit)

Derived termsEdit


KashubianEdit

NounEdit

rum m

  1. space

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

rum

  1. rafsi of runme.

Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Low German Ruum, from Old Saxon rūm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum m (diminutive rumk)

  1. room, space

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *rūmaz. Cognate with Old Saxon rūm, Dutch ruim, Old High German rūm, Old Norse rúmr, Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐍃 (rums).

AdjectiveEdit

rūm

  1. spacious, roomy, open
    Ðis rume landthe wide world
    (Cædmon’s Metrical Paraphrase)
  2. free, unrestricted
  3. expansive, generous
  4. long, extended (of time)

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *rūmą, from Proto-Indo-European *rowǝ-. Cognate with Old Saxon rūm (Low German Ruum, Dutch ruim, Old High German rūm (German Raum), Old Norse rūm (Danish and Swedish rum), Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐍃 (rūms).

NounEdit

rūm n

  1. space; a room
  2. a space of time, an interval; an opportunity
    Rum wæs to nimanne londbuendum on ðam laðestan...It was an opportunity for the land-dwellers to seize from the most hated ones...
    (Judith)
DescendantsEdit

Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German herum.

AdverbEdit

rum

  1. around

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum m inan

  1. rum

DeclensionEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum m (plural runs)

  1. rum

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse rúm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą, from Proto-Indo-European *rowǝ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum n

  1. room; part of a building.
    Jag vill ha en lägenhet med två rum
    I want a flat with two rooms
  2. room; empty, available space; enough space
    Har du rum i din väska så att du kan lägga ner min bok också?
    Do you have enough space in your bag so that you could put my book too in it?
  3. (mathematics) space
    Linjärt rum
    Linear space

DeclensionEdit

Declension of rum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rum rummet rum rummen
Genitive rums rummets rums rummens

Related termsEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English room.

NounEdit

rum

  1. room

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rum

  1. safflower