See also: Rum, RUM, rúm, rùm, Rùm, rüm, rum., and rum-

Translingual edit

Symbol edit

rum

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2/B language code for Romanian.

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɹʌm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌm

Etymology 1 edit

In common use since by at least 1654,[1] of uncertain origin. Theories include:

  • that it derives from rum (fine, good), or from the last syllable of Latin saccharum (given the harsh taste of earlier rum, the first theory is now considered unlikely),[2]
  • that it is a shortening of rumbullion[3] or rumbustion,[4] or
  • that it is from a Romani word for "strong, potent" which is (perhaps) the source of ramboozle and rumfustian (but these drinks were not originally made with rum)
  • that it derives from rummer, from Dutch roemer[5]

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

rum (countable and uncountable, plural rums)

  1. (uncountable) A distilled spirit derived from fermented cane sugar and molasses.
    The Royal Navy used to issue a rum ration to sailors.
    1. (countable) A serving of rum.
      Jake tossed down three rums.
    2. (countable) A kind or brand of rum.
      Bundaberg is one of my favourite rums.
    Coordinate term: grog
  2. (obsolete, slang) A strange person or thing.
  3. (obsolete, slang) A country parson.
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From the earlier form rome, slang for "good"; possibly of Romani origin; compare rom.

Adjective edit

rum (comparative rummer, superlative rummest)

  1. (obsolete) Fine, excellent, valuable. [16th c.]
    having a rum time
  2. (UK, informal, dated) Strange, peculiar. [18th c.]
    a rum idea; a rum fellow
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Noun edit

rum (plural rums)

  1. (British, colloquial, dated) Any odd person or thing.

Etymology 3 edit

Shortening of rummy.

Noun edit

rum

  1. (rare) The card game rummy.
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ In that year, Connecticut ordered confiscation of "whatsoever Barbados liquors, commonly called rum, kill devil and the like". See Charles A. Coulombe, Rum (2005, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Wayne Curtis, And a Bottle of Rum (2006, Random House, →ISBN, pages 34–35.
  3. ^ rum”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.
  4. ^ rum”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  5. ^ Anthony Dias Blue, The Complete Book of Spirits : A Guide to Their History, Production, and Enjoyment (2004, HarperCollins, →ISBN
  • rum”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.

See also edit

  • rum-tum (probably etymologically unrelated)

Anagrams edit

Chuukese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English room.

Noun edit

rum

  1. room

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from German Rum, from English rum, originally rumbullion.[1]

Noun edit

rum m inan

  1. rum
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from German Rummel (bustle).[2]

Noun edit

rum m inan

  1. rubble
    Synonym: suť
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ "rum²" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. ^ "rum¹" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Further reading edit

  • rum in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • rum in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • rum in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse rúm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą (room, open space), cognate with English room, German Raum, Dutch ruim, Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌼 (rum).

Noun edit

rum n (singular definite rummet, plural indefinite rum)

  1. room (part of a building)
  2. compartment
  3. (chiefly definite) space (the universe except Earth and its atmosphere)
    De fravalgte at udforske rummet.
    They chose not to explore space.
    rumfarttøj (space vehicle), rumrejse (space travel)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
part of building
compartment
space

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse rúmr, from Proto-Germanic *rūmaz (roomy, spacious, open), cognate with English room (archaic), German raum (archaic), Dutch ruim, Chong 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐍃. Related to the noun.

Adjective edit

rum (neuter rumt, plural and definite singular attributive rumme)

  1. (archaic) wide, spacious
    in the modern language only in the expressions i rum sø (in open sea) and rum tid (long time)
Inflection edit
Inflection of rum
Positive Comparative Superlative
Indefinte common singular rum rummere rummest2
Indefinite neuter singular rumt rummere rummest2
Plural rumme rummere rummest2
Definite attributive1 rumme rummere rummeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

rum

  1. imperative of rumme

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English rum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rum m (uncountable)

  1. rum (alcoholic beverage)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Fiji Hindi edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English room.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rum

  1. room

References edit

German edit

Etymology edit

From dialectal German (e)rum, reduced form of herum and in some dialects darum.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

rum

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of herum (around)

Usage notes edit

  • While most or all instances of standard herum can be replaced with rum in the vernacular, compounds that are inherently colloquial will typically sound odd when herum is used in them. These will appear in writing with rum or not at all.

Derived terms edit

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

rum

  1. Romanization of 𐍂𐌿𐌼

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Rum,[1] from English rum.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈrum]
  • Hyphenation: rum
  • Rhymes: -um

Noun edit

rum (plural rumok)

  1. rum (a distilled spirit)

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rum rumok
accusative rumot rumokat
dative rumnak rumoknak
instrumental rummal rumokkal
causal-final rumért rumokért
translative rummá rumokká
terminative rumig rumokig
essive-formal rumként rumokként
essive-modal
inessive rumban rumokban
superessive rumon rumokon
adessive rumnál rumoknál
illative rumba rumokba
sublative rumra rumokra
allative rumhoz rumokhoz
elative rumból rumokból
delative rumról rumokról
ablative rumtól rumoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rumé rumoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ruméi rumokéi
Possessive forms of rum
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rumom rumjaim
2nd person sing. rumod rumjaid
3rd person sing. rumja rumjai
1st person plural rumunk rumjaink
2nd person plural rumotok rumjaitok
3rd person plural rumjuk rumjaik

Derived terms edit

Compound words

References edit

  1. ^ rum in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading edit

  • rum in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Irish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English rum.

Noun edit

rum m (genitive singular rum, nominative plural rumanna)

  1. rum

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English rum.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrum/
  • Rhymes: -um
  • Hyphenation: rùm

Noun edit

rum m (invariable)

  1. rum (distilled spirit)

Derived terms edit

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Low German Ruum.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrum/
  • Syllabification: rum

Noun edit

rum m inan

  1. room, space

Further reading edit

  • “rum”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language]‎[3], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Lower Sorbian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Low German Ruum, from Middle Low German rûm, Old Saxon rūm, from Proto-West Germanic *rūm.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rum m inan (diminutive rumk)

  1. room, space

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Old English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *rūm. Cognate with Old Saxon rūm, Dutch ruim, Old High German rūm, Old Norse rúmr, Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐍃 (rums).

Adjective edit

rūm

  1. spacious, roomy
  2. long, extended (of time)
  3. liberal, extensive, ample, abundant, bountiful, expansive, generous
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-West Germanic *rūm.

Noun edit

rūm n or m

  1. room, space
  2. a space of time, an interval
  3. opportunity
Declension edit
Neuter
Masculine
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

Compare German herum.

Adverb edit

rum

  1. around

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
rum

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English rum.

Noun edit

rum m inan

  1. rum (distilled spirit)
  2. rum (serving)
Derived terms edit
adjective

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Middle High German rūm, roum, from Old High German rūm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą.

Noun edit

rum m inan

  1. (archaic, geology) broken debris, rock crumbs
Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • rum in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Rhymes:
  • Hyphenation: rum

Noun edit

rum m (plural runs)

  1. rum

Romanian edit

Noun edit

rum n (plural rumuri)

  1. Alternative form of rom

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

rum

  1. Romanization of 𒀸 (rum)

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse rúm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą, from Proto-Indo-European *rowǝ-.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rum n

  1. a room (in a building)
    Jag vill ha en lägenhet med två rum
    I want a flat with two rooms
  2. space, room
    Har du rum i din väska så att du kan lägga ner min bok också?
    Do you have room in your bag so that you could put my book in it too?
    det kröka rummet
    curved space
  3. (mathematics) a space
    linjärt rum
    linear space

Declension edit

Declension of rum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rum rummet rum rummen
Genitive rums rummets rums rummens

Derived terms edit

part of a building
space
mathematics

Related terms edit

See also edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Tarifit edit

Noun edit

rum pl (Tifinagh spelling ⵔⵓⵎ)

  1. Alternative spelling of řum: straw

Tok Pisin edit

Etymology edit

From English room.

Noun edit

rum

  1. room

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rum

  1. safflower