See also: siks

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *sink-, from Proto-Indo-European *senk-, *sn̥k-, from *sek-(to drain, to dry up) with an extra infix -n-. The original meaning was probably “thin water layer, spray, drops,” whence “small, tiny.” Cognates include Lithuanian sìnkus, dialectal sinkùs(fine, thin (flour)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

sīks (def. sīkais, comp. sīkāks, sup. vissīkākais; adv. sīki)

  1. (objects, areas) tiny, little, small (having very small size)
    sīks olis‎ ― small pebbles
    sīka pora‎ ― tiny pore
    sīkas skrūves‎ ― tiny screws
    sīkas detaļas‎ ― small parts
    sīki vilnīši‎ ― small wavelets
    sīks rokraksts‎ ― small, tiny handwriting
    sīki zemes gabali‎ ― small plots (lit. pieces of land)
    viņš sīkiem soļiem pārtipināja otrpus ielas‎ ― with small steps he crossed to the other side of the street
  2. (of thread-line objects) thin, delicate
    sīki tīmekļi‎ ― thin, delicate web threads
  3. (of money, coins) of small value
    sīka monēta‎ ― small coin
    sīka nauda, sīknauda‎ ― small change (lit. small money)
    sīki izdevumi‎ ― small expenses
  4. (of people, living beings, their parts) very small, very thin
    sīks puisēns, šunelis, kukains‎ ― small boy, puppy, insect
    sīki pirksti‎ ― tiny, thin fingers
    sīks zars‎ ― small, thin branch
    sīkas saknes‎ ― small, thin roots
    sīkās dzērvenes‎ ― small cranberries (different species)
  5. fine, thin (composed of tiny parts, almost homogeneous)
    sīka migliņa‎ ― fine, thin mist
    sīks lietutiņš‎ ― fine, thin rain, drizzle
    sīks sniedziņš‎ ― fine, thin snow
  6. (of bodily processes) weak, difficult to perceive, detect
    sīks pulss‎ ― tiny, weak pulse
    sīkas trīsas‎ ― tiny, weak trembling, spasms
  7. (of natural phenomena) weak (having low intensity, little effect)
    es klausos un jūtos kā lapa, kā dreboša apses lapa, kas trīso vissīkākā vējā‎ ― I listen and feel like a leaf, a trembling aspen leaf, trembling in the tiniest, weakest wind
  8. (of sounds) relatively quiet, short, and high-pitched
    tik sīkais troksnītis tagad šķiet pērkonam līdzīgs‎ ― such a tiny noise now sounds like thunder
    viņa sīkā, drebulīgā balstiņa izskanēja tik traģiski, ka Anna neviļus iesmējās‎ ― his tiny, trembling little voice sounded so tragic that Anna laughed involuntarily
  9. (of people, enterprises) humble, small, insignificant (who owns little; who has an unimportant work, an unimportant position in society)
    sīks tirgotājs‎ ― small, insignificant merchant
    sīks namīpašnieks‎ ― small landlord, house owner
    sīkais preču ražotājs‎ ― small, petty commodity producer
    sīks amatniecības uzņēmums‎ ― small (handi)craft business
  10. (of activities, events) small (without significant consequencess; unimportant, insignificant, irrelevant)
    sīks strīds, nedarbs‎ ― small dispute, mischief
    sīks huligānisms‎ ― small, petty hooliganism
    sīks zādzība‎ ― small, petty theft
    sīks iegansts‎ ― small, petty pretext
    sīkās intereses‎ ― small, insignificant interests
    sīks melis, zaglis‎ ― petty liar, thief
  11. (of people, their behavior) small, petty, selfish, narrow-minded
    sīki egoisti‎ ― petty egoists
    sīka patmīļa, skaudība‎ ― petty selfishness, envy
  12. (of information, knowledge) detailed (including or reflecting all facts, information)
    sīka instrukcija, informācija‎ ― detailed instructions, information
    sīks aprēķins, pārskats‎ ― detailed calculation, overview
    sīkāki pētījumi‎ ― more detailed studies
    literārā darba sīka analīze‎ ― detailed analysis of a literary work

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sīks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7