schließen

See also: schliessen

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German slieȥen, from Old High German sliozan, from Proto-West Germanic *sleutan. Akin to Old Saxon slūtan, Dutch sluiten, English slot.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃliːsn̩], [ˈʃliːsən]
  • (file)
  • (file)

VerbEdit

schließen (class 2 strong, third-person singular present schließt, past tense schloss, past participle geschlossen, past subjunctive schlösse, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to shut; to close; to shut down
    Das Geschäft schließt um 18.00 Uhr.
    The store will close at 6 p.m.
  2. (transitive or intransitive) to lock
  3. (transitive or intransitive) to conclude; to end; to close
  4. (transitive) to come to (an agreement); to enter into (a relationship); to reach (a settlement)
  5. (transitive or intransitive) to gather; to conclude; to come to realize

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Before the 1996 German spelling reform, the past tense was conjugated as schloß, schlossest/schloßt, schloß, schlossen, schloßt, schlossen, while the reformed spellings use schloss- consistently.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit