See also: kerul

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *kerä (round, turning; turn, twist)[1] + -ül (frequentative-reflexive suffix). Compare Finnish kierä, kiero, kiertää.[2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɛryl]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ke‧rül
  • Rhymes: -yl

VerbEdit

kerül

  1. (intransitive) to get (to somewhere, to a location or into a situation -ba/-be)
    börtönbe kerülto get into jail
    nehéz helyzetbe kerülto get into a difficult situation
  2. (intransitive) to detour, to go on a byway (to go on a longer way than the shortest)
  3. (transitive) to avoid someone or something
    kerüli a nyilvánosságotto shun publicity
  4. (intransitive) to cost (something -ba/-be)
    Mennyibe kerül?How much does it cost?
  5. (slightly formal, sometimes proscribed) to be …(e)d, to get …(e)d (part of a passive-forming structure, with the -ra/-re form of the verbal noun of the main verb; compare van/lesz + -va/-ve)
    Ez az üzenet törlésre került.This message was deleted.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #286 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • kerül in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.