See also: si̋eną, Siena, and sienā

Finnish edit

 
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Wikipedia fi

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Internationalism (compare English sienna), ultimately from Italian terra di Siena.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsie̯nɑ/, [ˈs̠ie̞̯nɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ienɑ
  • Syllabification(key): sie‧na

Noun edit

siena

  1. sienna (pigment, color)

Declension edit

Inflection of siena (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative siena sienat
genitive sienan sienojen
partitive sienaa sienoja
illative sienaan sienoihin
singular plural
nominative siena sienat
accusative nom. siena sienat
gen. sienan
genitive sienan sienojen
sienain rare
partitive sienaa sienoja
inessive sienassa sienoissa
elative sienasta sienoista
illative sienaan sienoihin
adessive sienalla sienoilla
ablative sienalta sienoilta
allative sienalle sienoille
essive sienana sienoina
translative sienaksi sienoiksi
abessive sienatta sienoitta
instructive sienoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of siena (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sienani sienani
accusative nom. sienani sienani
gen. sienani
genitive sienani sienojeni
sienaini rare
partitive sienaani sienojani
inessive sienassani sienoissani
elative sienastani sienoistani
illative sienaani sienoihini
adessive sienallani sienoillani
ablative sienaltani sienoiltani
allative sienalleni sienoilleni
essive sienanani sienoinani
translative sienakseni sienoikseni
abessive sienattani sienoittani
instructive
comitative sienoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sienasi sienasi
accusative nom. sienasi sienasi
gen. sienasi
genitive sienasi sienojesi
sienaisi rare
partitive sienaasi sienojasi
inessive sienassasi sienoissasi
elative sienastasi sienoistasi
illative sienaasi sienoihisi
adessive sienallasi sienoillasi
ablative sienaltasi sienoiltasi
allative sienallesi sienoillesi
essive sienanasi sienoinasi
translative sienaksesi sienoiksesi
abessive sienattasi sienoittasi
instructive
comitative sienoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sienamme sienamme
accusative nom. sienamme sienamme
gen. sienamme
genitive sienamme sienojemme
sienaimme rare
partitive sienaamme sienojamme
inessive sienassamme sienoissamme
elative sienastamme sienoistamme
illative sienaamme sienoihimme
adessive sienallamme sienoillamme
ablative sienaltamme sienoiltamme
allative sienallemme sienoillemme
essive sienanamme sienoinamme
translative sienaksemme sienoiksemme
abessive sienattamme sienoittamme
instructive
comitative sienoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sienanne sienanne
accusative nom. sienanne sienanne
gen. sienanne
genitive sienanne sienojenne
sienainne rare
partitive sienaanne sienojanne
inessive sienassanne sienoissanne
elative sienastanne sienoistanne
illative sienaanne sienoihinne
adessive sienallanne sienoillanne
ablative sienaltanne sienoiltanne
allative sienallenne sienoillenne
essive sienananne sienoinanne
translative sienaksenne sienoiksenne
abessive sienattanne sienoittanne
instructive
comitative sienoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative sienansa sienansa
accusative nom. sienansa sienansa
gen. sienansa
genitive sienansa sienojensa
sienainsa rare
partitive sienaansa sienojaan
sienojansa
inessive sienassaan
sienassansa
sienoissaan
sienoissansa
elative sienastaan
sienastansa
sienoistaan
sienoistansa
illative sienaansa sienoihinsa
adessive sienallaan
sienallansa
sienoillaan
sienoillansa
ablative sienaltaan
sienaltansa
sienoiltaan
sienoiltansa
allative sienalleen
sienallensa
sienoilleen
sienoillensa
essive sienanaan
sienanansa
sienoinaan
sienoinansa
translative sienakseen
sienaksensa
sienoikseen
sienoiksensa
abessive sienattaan
sienattansa
sienoittaan
sienoittansa
instructive
comitative sienoineen
sienoinensa

Latvian edit

Etymology 1 edit

See siens.

Noun edit

siena m

  1. genitive singular of siens

Etymology 2 edit

 siena on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Mājas siena (1)
 
Pilsētas siena (2)
 
Alas sienas (4)

Cognate with Lithuanian síena (wall, border). Derived from verb siet (to tie, bind) in its older meaning “to braid, to weave” (see etymology of siet), which suggests that the original meaning of siena was “wicker-work”; compare cognates Avestan 𐬵𐬌𐬥𐬎 (hinu, ties, bonds, hobble, chain), Old Irish sin (chain, necktie). The current meaning suggests that house walls were originally woven with branches and twigs, and then probably covered with mud (compare with German Wand (wall), winden (wind, twist, weave)); some evidence from old folk songs supports this idea.[1]

Pronunciation edit

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Noun edit

siena f (4th declension)

  1. wall (structure (made of wood, masonry, etc.) that limits a building, a room, etc.)
    mājas, istabas, šķūna sienashouse, room, barn walls
    mūra, koka, baļķu sienamasonry, wooden, log wall
    krāsota, balsināta, tapsēta sienapainted, plastered, papered wall
    krāsot sienuto pain the wall
    līmēt tapetes uz sienasto paper (lit. paste paper on) the wall
    sienas pulkstenis, lampawall clock, lamp
    iesist naglu sienāto drive a nail into the wall
    pakārt gleznu pie sienasto hang a painting on the wall
  2. wall, rampart (a high enclosure, especially for protection)
    Kremļa sienasKremlin walls
    cietokšņa sienasfortress walls
    pilsētas sienascity walls
  3. something that encloses, also metaphorically
    dūmu, liesmu, uguns, miglas sienaa smoke, flame, fire, fog wall
    naida sienahatred wall
  4. external side of a container, box, cavity, body organ, etc.
    skapja sienascabinet walls
    alas, bedres sienascave, pit walls
    tvaika katla sienasboiler walls
    kuņģa sienastomach wall
    artērijas sienaartery wall
Declension edit

References edit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “siena”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lithuanian edit

 
Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

Etymology edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈs̪ʲɪ́ən̪ɐ]

Noun edit

síena f (plural síenos) stress pattern 1 [1]

  1. wall[2]
  2. border, boundary

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ “siena” in Balčikonis, Juozas et al. (1954), Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas. Vilnius: Valstybinė politinės ir mokslinės literatūros leidykla.
  2. ^ “siena” in Martsinkyavitshute, Victoria (1993), Hippocrene Concise Dictionary: Lithuanian-English/English-Lithuanian. New York: Hippocrene Books. →ISBN

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

siena f (Cyrillic spelling сиена)

  1. Obsolete spelling of sjena.