FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsinæ/, [ˈs̠inæ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -inæ
  • Syllabification: si‧nä

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *cinä, from Proto-Uralic *tinä. See the Proto-Finnic entry for more information on inflection.

PronounEdit

sinä (stem sinu-)

  1. (personal) you (second person singular, familiar), (in archaic English) thou.
Usage notesEdit
  • Depending on the context, the pronoun can sometimes be omitted in written language if the text remains fluent – the pronoun is in spoken language practically always used, though in different (mentioned above) dialectal variants. (cf. the usage of te, “you” (pl.))
  • As in many other European languages, the second person plural te is used in formal contexts or when addressing an unfamiliar elderly person (see teititellä). However, this custom is not anymore as usual as elsewhere in Europe in everyday life – there is from time to time discussion whether this custom is inconvenient in modern society. However, a safe way to start conversation with an unfamiliar person, especially with an elderly person, is saying "te".
  • When addressing another person in writing, Sinä is often capitalized.
DeclensionEdit
  • Irregular. The comitative and instructive forms do not exist; the abessive "sinutta" and "teittä" is hardly used.
  • In addition to the standard set of cases, sinä and the other personal pronouns have a specific accusative form, in this case sinut. This form would have been the nominative plural form of the first stem if the word were not a personal pronoun.
SynonymsEdit
  • sa (archaic, poetic)
  • sie (dialectal)
  • (colloquial)
  • sää (dialectal)
Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Kven: sie

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronounEdit

sinä

  1. (demonstrative) Essive singular form of se.

AnagramsEdit


LivviEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *cinä, from Proto-Uralic *tinä. Cognates include Finnish sinä and Karelian sie.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsinæ/
  • Hyphenation: si‧nä

PronounEdit

sinä

  1. thou, you (singular)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • N. Gilojeva; S. Rudakova (2009) Karjalan kielen Livvin murdehen algukursu [Beginners' course of Karelian language's Livvi dialect] (in Livvi), Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 10
  • Tatjana Boiko (2019) Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN, page 258

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *cinä, from Proto-Uralic *tinä.

PronounEdit

sinä (genitive sinun, partitive sindai)

  1. you (singular)

InflectionEdit

Inflection of sinä
nominative sing. sinä
genitive sing. sinun
partitive sing. sindai
partitive plur. teid
singular plural
nominative sinä
accusative sinun
genitive sinun teiden
partitive sindai teid
essive-instructive
translative
inessive sinus teiš
elative sinuspäi teišpäi
illative sinuhu teihe
adessive sinai teil
ablative sinaipäi teilpäi
allative sinei teile
abessive sinuta teita
comitative sinunke teidenke
prolative
approximative I
approximative II
egressive
terminative I
terminative II
terminative III
additive I
additive II

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007) , “ты”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika