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FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈminæ/, [ˈminæ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -inæ
  • Hyphenation: mi‧nä

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *minä, from Proto-Uralic *minä. From the same base as the plural pronoun me, the possessive suffixes -ni and -mme and the first-person verb endings -n and -mme.

PronounEdit

minä (stem minu-, colloquially mu-)

  1. (personal) I (1st person singular personal pronoun)
Usage notesEdit
  • Although often omitted in written language (the verb shows both the person and the number), the pronoun is in spoken language practically always used. (cf. the usage of me, "we")
InflectionEdit
  • Irregular. The comitative and instructive forms do not exist. Abessive is hardly ever used, use ilman minua and ilman meitä instead.
  • In addition to the standard set of cases, minä and the other personal pronouns have a specific accusative form, in this case minut. This form would have been the nominative plural form of the first stem, if the word were not a personal pronoun.
SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

minä

  1. (psychology, psychoanalysis) ego
  2. (philosophy) self
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of minä (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative minä minät
genitive minän minien
partitive minää miniä
illative minään miniin
singular plural
nominative minä minät
accusative nom. minä minät
gen. minän
genitive minän minien
minäinrare
partitive minää miniä
inessive minässä minissä
elative minästä ministä
illative minään miniin
adessive minällä minillä
ablative minältä miniltä
allative minälle minille
essive minänä mininä
translative minäksi miniksi
instructive minin
abessive minättä minittä
comitative minineen
SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronounEdit

minä

  1. (interrogative) Essive singular form of mikä.
  2. (interrogative) Essive plural form of mikä.
    • Minä päivinä sinä näit hänet?
      • On what days did you see her? (with essive used in expressions on Monday/Tuesday/etc., mikä is in the same case as päivä)
  3. (indefinite) Essive singular form of mikä.
  4. (indefinite) Essive plural form of mikä.

AnagramsEdit


LivviEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *minä, from Proto-Uralic *minä. Contrast Northern and Southern Karelian mie.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: mi‧nä
  • IPA(key): [ˈminæ]

PronounEdit

minä

  1. (personal) I.

DeclensionEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *minä.

PronounEdit

minä (genitive minun, partitive mindai)

  1. I

InflectionEdit

Inflection of minä
nominative sing. minä
genitive sing. minun
partitive sing. mindai
partitive plur. meid
singular plural
nominative minä
accusative minun
genitive minun meiden
partitive mindai meid
essive-instructive
translative
inessive minus meiš
elative minuspäi meišpäi
illative minuhu meihe
adessive minai meil
ablative minaipäi meilpäi
allative minei meile
abessive minuta meita
comitative minunke meidenke
prolative
approximative I
approximative II
egressive
terminative I
terminative II
terminative III
additive I
additive II

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “я”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika